Political Zionism

What is Zionism?

What is Political Zionism?

Political Zionism is said to be a Jewish Nationalist movement, Many within the international community believed it was essential after world war 2, with regards to what could be done with all of the displaced Jews of world war two. Political Zionism is most commonly believed to have started officially in 1896 by Theodor Herzl, whose goal (As a cultural Jew, not a religious one) was the return of Jews to the Land of Israel, where Palestine was at the time. The vast majority of Zionists believe that there is a religious and historic bond between the land of Palestine and the Jewish decedents of the Israelite’s.

 

Zionism History of Israel

The delegates at the First Zionist Congress, held in Basel, Switzerland (1897)

 

The fundamental purpose of Zionism, has always been to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine and beyond this region. The ideology of Zionism can actually be seen as far back in history as 200 CE, within Rabbinic Judaism’s Oral law, commonly refereed to as the The Talmud. However, Zionism as a political movement has actually been active since the 1860s, its followers are made up of Jewish and non Jewish people who peruse Jewish colonialism. The problem that many people have with this however, is that almost all Jewish people, are not semitic people. whereas the Palestinians people who are Semitic, are actually native to the land. Almost all of the Jews living in Israel, are European and Ashkenazi, so the Jewish geographical and historical claims to the land are a very controversial topic in the international community.

Nowadays, many things can be attributed toward the inception of a Jewish state in Palestine, but none more perhaps than the influential drive behind Zionism. Israel is perhaps one of the most nationalist and ethnocentric nations on earth and yet it receives the most financial aid of any country in the world.The success of Zionism has meant that the percentage of the world’s Jewish population who live in Israel has steadily grown over the years and today 40% of the world’s Jews live in Israel. There are currently 6.1 million Jews living in modern day Israel (around 75% of the population). Israel also have one of the most advanced armies in the world, boasting some of the most sophisticated technological advancements in air and ground combat.

 

Origins of Criticism

Zionism has always been considered controversial, some of its bigger critics have been Jews themselves, who claim Zionism is against JudaismIts important to make note of the fact that Zionism and Judaism are totally different things and you don’t need to be a Jew to be a Zionist (or visa versa). The reason for this is that historically, Zionism has been a movement dominated by secularist Jews and cultural Jews. Herzl and most of his colleagues were cultural Jews, who did not believe in or practice the Torah. Some Zionists were vehemently anti-religious, and saw the Torah and Mitzvos as outdated rituals with no place in their modern state. Arguably the biggest criticisms Zionism and the state of Israel have received can be related to its colonial efforts and military occupations over its neighboring countries.

 

Members of the Neturei Karta Orthodox Jewish group protest against the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

Members of the Neturei Karta Orthodox Jewish group protest against the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

 

Israel have one of the most advanced armies in the world, who very much lead the way in sophisticated technologies and air to ground combat. The Palestinian people however – 53% of which are under the age of 18 – do not have an army, an air force, or a navy. in fact, Israels disproportionate attacks on Palestine have gotten them ridiculed as being war criminals many time in the united nations security council. In fact, back on November 10,1975, the United Nations cast a vote, of 72 in favor and 35 against, which actually determined Zionism, to be a form of racism. Although this was revoked in years to come, Zionism has always been scrutinized against and millions of people around the world today, now consider Zionism to be a form of terrorism. In fact,much of the destabilization of the middle east, seems to be very much Zionist inspired.

 

 

Frequently asked questions about Zionism

Has Zionism effected people?

Israeli Apartheid Wall

Years before the establishment of Israel, the Zionist movement has denied Palestinians their fundamental rights of freedom, equality, and self-determination through ethnic cleansing, racial discrimination, asset exploitation and even acts of terrorism. From the inception of a Jewish state, hundreds of thousands of lives have been lost. Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Jordan and Palestine have been the more prominent victims of military occupation, human rights violations and terrorism committed by the state of Israel. Over 60 years ago, the Zionist plan for a Jewish homeland was put into effect and have been achieving this goal through the permanent removal of the indigenous, predominantly Arab population of Palestine. Many native residents of Palestine cannot return to their homeland if they leave, regardless of the reasons for leaving.

Since Israels establishment, it has committed more war crimes then any nation on earth, Despite abundant condemnation of Israeli policies by the UN, other international bodies, and pre-eminent human rights organisations, the world community has failed to hold Israel accountable and enforce compliance with basic principles of law. The war crimes committed by Israel are more often than not swept under the rug or even approved by the mainstream media news outlets. Zionism definitely effects people in a negative way and not just the Palestinians, but all people throughout the world. Zionism is also behind one of the most highest funded propaganda campaigns in human history, with the support of most politicians throughout the world being put under scrutiny for not repeating the rhetoric.

The biggest victims of Zionism undoubtedly have to be the children of Palestine (almost half the country), Palestine no longer has a functioning electrical grid, water treatment facility, university, defense force, airport, etc, due to the bombardment of the Israel defense force. The once flourishing, rich cultured people of Palestine have been left with a densely populated open air prison, of which survival is the ultimate hope. Over 80% of Palestinian children are said to suffer from extreme forms of post traumatic stress disorder, this does not leave a lot of hope for the future coming generation. Without international assistance, the end of the occupation and restitution payments for the loss of life, land, resources and freedoms, it would be highly unlikely for Palestine to ever recover.

Has Israel broken international laws?

The state of Israel have committed countless war crimes, breached countless international laws and have violated several United Nations regulations since the time of its inception. For a summary of some of the laws and regulations breached, check out the list below.

Israeli Occupation Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: U.N. Charter, Article 2(4) & 51 (1945); Declaration on Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations…, Principle 1 (1970).
Israeli Actions: It is illegal under international law to acquire land by force.

occupation Israel

An Israeli soldier scuffles with a Palestinian man in the occupied West Bank.

 

Israeli Settlements On Occupied Land Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: Geneva Conventions IV, Article 49(6) (1949). It is illegal to colonize occupied land or transfer non-indigenous population to that
land.
Israeli Actions: From Israels inception to the present date, settlements in occupied territories have been a regular occurrence.

illegal settlements

illegal settlements on occupied Arab land has always been common place for Israel

 

Taking Land By Force & Claiming Sovereignty Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: U.N. Charter, Article 2(4) (1945); Declaration on Principles of International Law Concerning Friendly Relations…, Principle 1
(1970).
Israeli Actions: In violation of the UN Partition Plan, Israel took an extra 15% of the land in 1948, and then, following the 1967 war, Israel
confiscated East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.

Israeli Military occupied territories and protects the settlement expansions

Israeli Military occupied territories and protects the settlement expansions

 

Ethnic Cleansing Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: Forbidding civilian populations the right to return to their homes following the end of armed conflict is in direct violation of
international law and UN resolutions. Geneva Convention IV, Articles 45, 46 & 49 (1949), UN resolutions 194 (III) (General Assembly; 1948) &
237 (Security Council; 1967).
Israeli Actions: Since 1910, in different ways, the Zionists and then Israel have taken Palestinian lands, forced native populations from their land,
and then refused the Palestinian landowners or tenants’ residency or employment on them. To date, the entire population of Palestine have been reduced to an open air prison, in which survival is the ultimate hope.

Gaza 2014

Genocide and ethnic cleansing have not only been carried out freely, but its legitimacy is ones that is debated.

 

Israeli Apartheid System Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: International Convention on the Suppression and Punishment of the Crime of Apartheid (1976). Link to our fact sheets on Israeli
Apartheid.
Israeli Actions: The forced segregation of Jews and non Jews has been present ever since Israel illegally proclaimed sovereignty, The separation wall, checkpoint barriers and presence of occupied forces fits perfectly into the description of what Apartheid is. Discriminatory laws and the abundance of political prisoners also reflect the standards of living endured by the native Palestinians.

Bethlehem: Lining up at the checkpoint starts at 3AM, though the checkpoint does not open until around 5:00 AM

Bethlehem: Lining up at the checkpoint starts at 3AM, though the checkpoint does not open until around 5:00 AM

Collective Punishment Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: Geneva Conventions IV, Article 33 (1949); Geneva Conventions (Protocol I), Article 75(2d) (1977).
Israeli Actions: In response to Arab rebellion, Israeli Military takes massive action against entire Palestinian communities, for example destroying
entire neighborhoods of homes, or confiscating communal farmlands, bulldozing homes, blocking off certain areas, or not allowing civilian
populations to leave their homes indefinitely.

Israeli regime imposed an all-out land, aerial, and naval blockade on Gaza.

Israeli regime imposed an all-out land, aerial, and naval blockade on Gaza.

 

Replacing Native Laws On Occupied Land Is Illegal:

Laws Violated: Hague Regulations IV, Article 43 (1907).
Israeli Actions: Israel has created a dual legal system in the occupied territories – a democratic one linked to Israel for the Israeli settlements, and an oppressive, exploitative one for the Palestinian communities run by the Israeli military committees and Israeli-controlled civic administrations,
replacing all Arab government functions with Israeli military committees, and dismissing or deporting all Arab government official.

Israeli Police enforce laws upon Palestinians on occupied territory

Israeli Police enforce laws upon Palestinians on occupied territory

Sources: 1, 2, 3.

Does the land of Palestine inherently belong to the Jewish people?

Historically, geographically, the land of Israel (Palestine) does not inherently belong to Jewish people. Jerusalem was not founded by adherents of the Jewish religion. The land was founded as a nation between 3000 BCE and 2600 BCE by a West Semitic people known as the Canaanites, the common ancestors of Palestinians, Lebanese, many Syrians, Jordanians and many Hebrews. 

Since no evidence of worship of anything but ordinary Canaanite deities has been found in archaeological sites through 1000 BCE. Jewish control over the land of modern day Israel can only be put at around 900 years out of the last 5,000 years. The exact date of Jewish control is historically debatable. The land of Palestine has always been populated by religiously diverse people with Muslims maintaining a religious majority and having cordial relations with all other minorities. 

The origin of some of the earliest known civilisations in the world, are traced back to the Middle East. The land of Palestine, which directly refers to the land existing between the Syrian interior and the southern Mediterranean coast, has been home to many cultures which pre-date Abrahamic religions. The land of Palestine was literally the door step to many other civilisations, like Egyptian, Greek, Babylonian, Roman, Mesopotamian and others, all of whom used this region as the crossroads. These regions have been frequently invaded throughout the course of history, which shows us that the presence of Jews in Palestine only becomes evident around the Excilic period, where the name “Israel” is mentioned in a historic Egyptian inscription. Although Semitic and Arab people are native to this region, history indicates the earliest inhabitants of these lands were derived from Asia Minor. The word Palestine is the derivation of “Plesheth”, which meant migratory or rolling. The name “Plesheth” has appeared in the Bible frequently and has come to be known in English as “Philistine”. The region was referred to as the land of Israel or Eretz Yisrael in the Old Testament as it was not called Palestine in those times.

3500 BCE – 2000 BCE

Prior to 3500 BCE: hunter-gatherer societies in the land of Canaan were periodically fading out to farming and herding societies, and early metal-working. By the Bronze Age large urban centres, trading posts and other sites had developed, like Ebla (where Semitic languages were spoken, such as Hebrew, Ugaritic, Amorite, Moabite and Edomite), which by 2300 BC was incorporated into the Mesopotamian based Akkadian empire of Sargon the Great and Naram-Sin of Akkad (Biblical Akkad). Egyptian civilization begins during the second phase of the Naqda culture, known as the Gerzeh period, around 3500 BCE and coalesces with the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt around 3150 BCE. The Gerzean culture coincided with a significant drop in rainfall and farming produced the vast majority of food. With increased food supplies, the populace adopted a much more sedentary lifestyle, and the larger settlements grew to cities of many residents. From the start of civilization in the region, it was home to people of various cultures.

 

cannan and egypt

Canaan and Egypt before Judaism.

 

2000 BCE – 1550 BCE

It was during this time where the Canaanite people increased political influence throughout the region, many aspects of Semitic Canaanite material culture reflected a Mesopotamian influence, and the entire region became more tightly integrated into a vast international trading network. Due to severe droughts in Egypt and the diminishing power of the Pharaoh, the Canaanites successfully invaded the eastern Delta of Egypt, (known as the Hyksos) where they became the dominant power for a short period of time. In Egyptian inscriptions Amar and Amurru are applied strictly to the more northerly mountain region east of Phoenicia. Amurru was also called one of the four quarters surrounding Akkad. After the fall of the Akkadian Empire, the Akkadian people of Mesopotamia eventually coalesced into two major Akkadian-speaking nations: Assyria in the north, and, a few centuries later, Babylonia in the south. 

canaanite

Wall relief from Egypt reveals an image of an ancient Canaanite

 




Zionism Uncensored – A complete timeline

 

The  story of Zionism seems to start with Theodore Herzl and a goal to create a Jewish homeland and Zionist state (Israel). Unfortunately mainstream media, many academics and even the U.N, neglect to inform the world about much of which occurred between the inception of Zionism and the status quo today. It is our intention to create an accurate timeline of Zionism from its initial foundations, to where it is today. We have summarized a timeline comprised of information that we believe to be significant and relevant to Zionism and its political movements.

gaza spectacular

“The Gaza Spectacular” – Israeli Jews spectating the bombing of Gaza in Palestine

1870 - 1879

In 1875, the Rothschild family dynasty Provided Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli the finance for the British government to acquire a major stake in the Suez Canal. This deal was done in great secrecy by Lionel De Rothschild.

Palestine was always a hotspot for trade and tourism, under the Ottoman Empire all people lived in peace for the vast majority of the time. Footage taken by Lumière brothers (Seen below) in the late 1800’s shows a very diverse, multicultural town. In 1877, the Non-Jewish population of around 426,908 completely overshadowed the small Jewish population of Palestine of around 13,942, which was only about 3% of the population. European interests in this land were starting to become widespread, with many making the migration to either visit or reside there, agriculture and farming would start to become the biggest source of wealth in the region as a result.

1880 - 1889

1880
  • Baron Edmond James de Rothschild, who was known as the “Father of the Settlement” (Avi ha-Yishuv) was a leading member of the French branch of the Rothschild banking dynasty. Baron Rothschild Was the biggest financial sponsor behind a drive to promote a form of political Zionism during these years. During his lifetime, the Rothschild family possessed the largest private fortune in the world and was considered to be one of the most influential families in global politics.
Baron Edmond James (Avrahim Binyamin) de Rothschild (1845-1934)

(Baron) Edmond James (Avrahim Binyamin) de Rothschild (1845-1934)

There has always been speculation about the true extent of Rothschild wealth, most of which today seems to be hidden in the form of shares, assets and political power – Not only in the 5 countries where a house of Rothschild is found, but throughout the world. The house of Rothschild bank is what later became ‘The Multinational’, which throughout the years between 1815 and 1914, it was easily the biggest bank in the world. Due to the consolidation of Rothschild wealth within the family, their riches and material equivalents with the European aristocracy at the time. There are no fewer than 150 species and sub species of insect which bare the name Rothschild, as well as 58 birds, 18 mammals and 14 plants. Other species of fish and spiders have also been named after the family, there are also many towns and streets named after the family, souffle dishes and even an island in the Antarctic exists, known only as Rothschild Island.

rothschild-family-tree

rothschild-family-tree

 

  • Feb 17th 1880, Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt by Jewish revolutionists.
  • Nov 2nd 1880, James A. Garfield (R) elected 20th US President, James A. Garfield was the first president to appoint an American Jewish Ambassador to Cairo, Egypt – Simon Wolf – while Jerusalem was under Egyptian control.
  • Dec 16th 1980, Beginning of the First Boer War between British Empire and Boer South African Republic
1881
  • 1881, President James A. Garfield (The 20th President of the United States who lasted only 100 Days) states two weeks before he was assassinated, “Whoever controls the volume of money in our country is absolute master of all industry and commerce…and when you realize that the entire system is very easily controlled, one way or another, by a few powerful men at the top, you will not have to be told how periods of inflation and depression originate.
  • Apr 1st, 1881. Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem take place in response to theft of land.
  • Apr 25th, 1881.  250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany, although their asylum is granted. No notable hostilities occurring between Jewish asylum seekers and Germans during this time. Mass Jewish immigration from Russia enters Germany.
  • 1881, Tsar Alexander II assassinated by Jewish revolutionary terrorists. Anti-Jewish laws are revived and pogroms break out in Russia. 
1882
  • Jan 25th,  Bilu, a Russian Zionist organization, forms.
  • Apr 13th, 1882. Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia, by Friedrich Wilhelm Adolph Marr, a Jew, who was a German agitator and publicist, popularized the term “antisemitism”.
jewish power

Marr took these philosophies one step further by rejecting the premise of assimilation as a means for Jews to become Germans. In his pamphlet Der Weg zum Siege des Germanenthums über das Judenthum (The Way to Victory of Germanism over Judaism, 1880) he introduced the idea that Germans and Jews were locked in a longstanding conflict, the origins of which he attributed to race—and that the Jews were winning. He argued that Jewish emancipation resulting from German liberalism had allowed the Jews to control German finance and industry. Furthermore, since this conflict was based on the different qualities of the Jewish and German races, it could not be resolved even by the total assimilation of the Jewish population.

  • 1882, Organised Zionist movement founded in Russia. A wave of Jewish immigration (the ‘First Aliyah’) to Turkish Palestine begins. Due to the lack of financing and support, Baron Edmond James Rothschild took several of the settlements under his wing, paying for the vast majority of the costs. The first modern widespread wave of Zionism was seen back in 1882, in what is known as “The first Aliyah”, Jews who migrated to Ottoman Palestine in this wave came mostly from Eastern Europe and from Yemen. “The First Aliyah began in 1882 and continued, intermittently, until 1903. An estimated 35,000 Jews illegally settled in Ottoman controlled Palestine. 
1883
1884
  • The French Rothschild bank, de Rothschild Frères formed the Caspian and Black Sea Petroleum Company after obtaining substantial amounts of Russia’s oil fields. They quickly became the world’s second largest oil producer. Zionism at this time did not have the widespread support (especially among the Jews) needed to become a self sustaining governmental body. It was throughout this period where think-tanks, media and governments started to endorse the prospects of a Jewish homeland and converting Jews into Zionists.
Jewish immigrants to Palestine - First Aliyah

Some of the Jewish immigrants to Palestine – First Aliyah

1885
  • Mar 30th, The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire.
  • Apr 20th,  Pope Leo XIII encyclical “On Freemasonry”. Claims there is no place for freemasonry in a catholic community.
  • Nov 8th, German government recognizes King Leopold II’s Congo Free State.
1886
1887
  • Feb 20th, Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
  • Jun 18th, The Reinsurance Treaty between Germany and Russia is signed.
  • In 1887 Baron Edmond de Rothschild initiated funding for Jewish colonies in Palestine and bought up land. He planted a number of eucalyptus trees around the marshes as a preventive of malaria. Emil Lachmann, of Berlin, another philanthropist, also bought a part of the land and planted a large orange grove and a number of grape-vines.
  • Dec 10th, Austria-Hungary, Italy and Great Britain sign Balkan military treaty.
1888
  • Jun 15th, Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany.
1889

1890 - 1899

1890
  • A party of wealthy Russian Zionists, with Rabbi Samuel Mohilever of Bielostok at their head, purchased in 1890 an area of 630 hectares (1,556 acres) from a person at Jaffa (Palestine), for the Warsaw Agricultural Society (Menuḥah we-Naḥalah) and founded the colony Rehoboth (Daran).

 

1891
  • Apr 11th, 8 year old tailor’s daughter disappears in Greece, many claims made that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews.
  • Apr 23rd, Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia because of ritual killings and lucrative money lending practices.
  • In 1891 Jewish Zionists bought 430 hectares (1,075 acres) of land about two miles north of Safed, in Palestine and sold it to a party of laborers.Not having sufficient means to work the tract properly, the new owners transferred it to Baron de Rothschild, with whose beneficent aid 750,000 vines and many fruit-trees were planted in the course of six or seven years, and during this time a number of houses were built.

 

1892

 

1893
1894
1895

 

  • In late 1895, Theodore Herzl, the proclaimed father of political Zionism, wrote Der Judenstaat (The State of the Jews), which was published February 1896 to immediate acclaim and controversy. He was the first person to write of “the Jewish Question” when he wrote the book. The book argued that the Jewish people should leave Europe if they wished to, either for Argentina or, preferably, for Palestine, their supposed historic homeland. In 1897, The Rothschild’s and Theodore Herzl planned the First Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland, of which Herzl was elected president (a position he held until his death in 1904), and in 1898 he began a series of diplomatic initiatives to build support for a Jewish state. Theodore Herzl was an atheist however, who apparently did not consider himself religiously Jewish. In this same year, Theodore Herzl was quoted as saying in a newspaper…

 “It is essential that the suffering of the Jews become worse. This will assist in realization of our plans… I have an excellent idea, I shall induce anti-Semites to liquidate Jewish wealth… the Anti-Semites will assist us thereby in that they will strengthen the persecution and oppression of Jews. The anti-Semites shall be our best friends.”

judenstaat

Theodore recognised that there was more support needed for political Zionism and believed he had plans which would help speed along the political expediency.

1896
  • In 1896 Baron de Rothschild founded the colony Metullah, which is situated at the foot of Mt. Hermon, not far from the ancient Dan (Laish), on the northern border of Palestine. The population of this colony in 1898 was 233, most of the male members of which were young men who had labored for several years in other colonies or were the children of colonists elsewhere. They cultivate wheat and tobacco.
rothschild palestine

(Source: JVL) The little colony of Moẓah was founded near Jerusalem. Three families settled on 59 hectares (147 acres) of land; and they are supported by the B’ne B’rith.

 

 

1897
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Switzerland and Germany in 1897.
  • Mar 20th, 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in New York.
  • Apr 22nd, New York City Jewish newspaper “Forward” begins publishing (still active)

 

1898
  • Oct 1st, Tsar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities, due to ritual killings and lucrative money lending practices.

 

1899
  • In late October 1899, New York City was flooded with handbills, printed in Yiddish, signed by “Jewish Members of the Republican State Committee.” The flyers urged Jewish voters to cast their ballots for gubernatorial candidate Theodore Roosevelt, who the year before had led his Rough Riders in their famous charge up San Juan Hill, in Santiago, Cuba. The Rough Riders’ victory, combined with other American triumphs at sea and on land during the Spanish-American War, led Spain to surrender its colonies in Cuba and the Philippines.
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Holland, in 1899.

1900 - 1909

1900

  • Establishment of the Rhodes Scholarships begins in 1900, Cecil Rhodes died in 1900. Nathaniel, 1st Lord Rothschild was one of Rhodes executors, and was primarily responsible for using the fortune Rhodes left to establish the Rhodes Scholarships in his memory.

 

  • Fourth Zionist Congress commences – London, England (1900), The Congress was held in London in order to affect public opinion in that country in sympathy with the Zionist idea. Main focus is the establishment of a Jewish state and concern over the situation facing Rumanian Jewry exodus.

 

1901

  • Closure of the Frankfurt Bank, Wilhelm Carl von Rothschild (1828-1901) died in 1901, leaving no male heir, and the Frankfurt house was liquidated.

 

1902

 

1903

  • In August at the 6th Zionist Congress in Basle, Switzerland, a discussion takes place regarding an offer from Britain to provide Uganda as a base for a future Jewish Zionist state. This was considered an insult to the Zionist Jews, who made it very clear that Palestine was their preference. Max Nordau, a co-founder of the World Zionist Organization, who was present during the 6th congress was quoted saying,
“Let me tell you the following words as if I were showing you the rungs of a ladder leading upward and upward: Herzl; the Zionist Congress; the English Uganda proposition; the future world war; the peace conference where with the help of England a free and Jewish Palestine will be created.”

 

1904

  • The Second Aliyah was an important and highly influential Israeli immigration movement (Aliyah) that took place between 1904 and 1914, during which approximately 40,000 Jews, mostly from the Russian Empire, migrated to Ottoman Palestine. The Second Aliyah led to further expansions which were said to be nothing short of land theft. Some of these settlers would literally come into the region and build a fence around a portion of land.
the 2nd Aliyah

‘The Second Aliyah’ – Immigration to Palestine, funded by ‘Baron Edmond Benjamin James de Rothschild’ and other “philanthropist Zionists”.

1905

  • 1905, Edouard Alphonse de Rothschild takes control of de Rothschild Frères. Alphonse de Rothschild died in 1905, and his son Edouard Alphonse took control of the business.

 

1906

  • In 1906, a group of Jews, among them residents of Jaffa, followed the initiative of Akiva Aryeh Weiss and banded together to form the Ahuzat Bayit (lit. “Homestead”) society. A place which was later renamed Tel Aviv. At the time the city was home to all ethnicities. From about 1907 to 1914, during the build up to world war one, more illegal settlements were taking place, funded by the world Jewish congress, the Rothschild’s and other prominent Jewish Europeans. Over this period of time, Herzl and the Zionist congress discuss alternate homeland options despite their growing presence in Palestine, considerations of gaining portions of land in Alaska are discussed but mostly frowned upon. Jacob Schiff, a wall street banker and prominent Jewish American businessman, sets up the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) as a branch of the B’nai B’rith in the United States. This organisation is created for the purpose of identifying anyone who questions or challenges the prospects of Zionism or the Rothschild global conspiracy as, “anti-Semitic,” and against the Jewish people as a whole.
Jacob Schiff (Photo -1899)

Jacob Schiff (Photo -1899)

1907

 

  • The London and Paris houses of Rothschild issued many loans to Japan. The loan in 1907 was for £23 million.

 

1908

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Greece, Turkey and Tunisia, in 1908.

 

  • Lionel de Rothschild experiments with autochromes, From 1908 to 1912 Lionel de Rothschild, a gifted photographer experimented with early colour photography.

1910 - 1919

In 1912 and 1913, the First Balkan War was fought between the Balkan League and the fracturing Ottoman Empire. The resulting Treaty of London further shrank the Ottoman Empire, creating an independent Albanian state while enlarging the territorial holdings of Bulgaria, Serbia, Montenegro, and Greece. A very strong Jewish (Mostly Sephardic) pressence is notably documented as being one of the major political influences in this time, Jewish influence was vastly growing throughout Thessaloniki (Now a part of Greece) and neighboring cities following the dissolve of Islamic control over these regions.

Jewish Family in greece

A Jewish ‘Salonica’ family (Sources claim anywhere from 1913 – 1917). The majority of Thessaloniki’s residents were Jews at the time.

During this time the Zionists did not try to quell Palestinian concerns, the only effort to meet to discuss their aspirations occurred in the spring of 1914. The Palestinians wanted the Zionists to “present them with a document that would state their precise political ambitions, their willingness to open their schools to Palestinians, and their intentions of learning Arabic and integrating with the local population.” The Zionists rejected this proposal.

 

In July 1914, World War 1 (The Great War) is officially declared. (More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilised in one of the largest wars in history.)

 

When the Ottoman Empire joined the Central Powers in the First World War in April 1915, it threatened Britain’s communications with India via the Suez Canal, besides other strategic interests of the allies. The conquest of Palestine became part of British strategies aimed at establishing a land bridge between the Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf.

Austrian troops marching up Mount Zion in Jerusalem, 1916

Austrian troops marching up Mount Zion in Jerusalem, 1916

Germany practically won the First World War by 1916, without a single shot being fired on German soil. British convoys were blown out of the Atlantic by German subs, the French army mutinied and the Russian army was defecting. With British Prime Minister Lloyd George up against a wall (over proposed peace treaties handed to him by the Germans) The British did not want to accept the German proposals at the time and they were in need of more money, in hopes of reigniting their war machine. Lionel Rothschild and the Jewish Zionists offered the British a deal they couldn’t refuse. The deal was to bring the United States into the war as their ally. This proposal was conditional, however this was not revealed to the Germans publicly until the end of 1917 (The Balfour Declaration) when it was put in writing.

 

“We’ll bring the United States into the war as your ally and help win the war for you” they said. “If you’ll promise us Palestine.” (Lionel Rothschild – 1916)
Jutland Battle

Battle of Jutland: The British suffered serious losses from Jutland and over 6,000 British died.

In April of 1917, American President Wilson (Already engaged with Japanese hostility) got the green light and declared war on Germany. Because of overwhelming opposition to the war, U.S President Wilson invoked the draft and passed the espionage act, forcing Americans to fight in the war or be thrown in jail. The British war machine was given billions of dollars by the US taxpayers as well, which was never repaid.  With The United States entering the war, the German Empire, Russian Empire, Austro-Hungarian Empire and the Ottoman Empire had ceased to exist. National borders were redrawn, with several independent nations restored or created.

 

By this time, Palestine had a Jewish population of around 6%.

Balfour portrait and declaration

Balfour portrait and declaration

In late 1917, the Balfour declaration was revealed to the German public. The defeated German people would learn for the first time, what one of the motivations were, for the United States entering the war against Germany. Hostilities towards Jewish presence notably increased around this time.

 

In 1918, Chaim Weizmann was appointed head of the Zionist Commission sent to Palestine by the British government to advise on the future development of the country. There, he laid the foundation stone of the Hebrew University. That same year Weizmann met in Aqaba with Emir Feisal, son of Sheriff Hussein of Mecca, the leader of the Arab movement, to discuss prospects of reaching an understanding on the establishment of independent Arab and Jewish states.

 

World War One ended at 11am on the 11th of November 1918. Germany signed an armistice (an agreement for peace and no more fighting) that had been prepared by Britain and France. The agreement that ended the fighting on the Western Front,  went into effect at 11 a.m. Paris time, marked a victory for the Allies and a complete defeat for Germany.

Germany signed an armistice

 

Adolf Hitler, who had served in the Great War under the Bavarian army, had been awarded 6 medals for his time served. Hitler served in France and Belgium in the 16th Bavarian Reserve Regiment. He was an infantryman in the 1st Company during the First Battle of Ypres (October 1914),  after the battle Hitler was promoted from Schütze (Private) to Gefreiter (Lance Corporal) and assigned to be a regimental message runner.

Awards and decorations of Adolf Hitler – World War 1

  • Iron Cross, Second Class – 12 February 1915
  • Bavarian Cross of Military Merit, Third Class with Swords – 17 September 1917
  • Regimental Diploma (Regiment “List”) – 5 May 1918
  • Wound Badge in Black – 18 May 1918
  • Iron Cross, First Class – 4 August 1918
  • Bavarian Medal of Military Service, Third Class – 25 August 1918

 

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Venezuala, in 1919.

1919: Following the end of the first world war, the Versailles peace conference is held to decide reparations that the Germans need to pay to the victors. Also decided at this conference is the confirmation of Israel as a Jewish homeland, with the control of Palestine being given to Britain whilst this handover takes place.

1920 - 1929

Adolf Hitler, who was unable to accept German defeat in world war 1, became a public speaker who embraced a nationalist vision. Hitler lectured people on what he called ‘the dangers of communism’ and a ‘global Jewish conspiracy’. It was in this time that Hitler had discovered his talent for public speaking and joined a small group of nationalists in Munich known as the national socialist German workers party (Nazis) and in 1921, Hitler eventually became their leader.

The National Socialists (NSDAP)

The National Socialists (NSDAP) early days – 1921

Hitler had expressed his concerns as leader of the Nazis in 1922, that Germany was in danger of a communist takeover, following their failures of world war one. At this time there were over 6 million German communist party members in the country. Adolf Hitler was only the 55th member of the Nazis (or NSDAP) but membership rapidly grew under his leadership. Vastly outnumbered, the Nazis often found themselves the victims of violence and sabotage attempts at the hands of communist infiltrators. 

 

In 1922, The British took control over Palestine. The draft of the Mandate for Palestine was formally confirmed by the Council of the League of Nations on 24 July 1922, supplemented via the 16 September 1922 Trans-Jordan memorandum and then came into effect on 29 September 1923.

July 1922 The league of Nations

Great Britain had occupied Palestine during the First World War, and in July 1922, the League of Nations issued its mandate for Palestine, which recognized the British government as the occupying power and effectively conferred to it the color of legal authority to temporarily administrate the territory.

In November 1923, after the German government resumed the payment of war reparations to Britain and France, the Nazis launched the “Beer Hall Putsch”–an attempt at seizing the German government by force. Hitler hoped that his nationalist revolution in Bavaria would spread to the dissatisfied German army, which in turn would bring down the government in Berlin. However, the uprising was immediately suppressed, and Hitler was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison for treason.

 

In 1924, Baron Edmond James de Rothschild established the Palestine Jewish Colonization Association (PICA), which acquired more than 125,000 acres (50,586 ha) of land and set up business ventures.

 

After the institution of the British mandate of Palestine, immigration quotas were established, and applicants had to prove that they had some capital with which to begin life in Palestine. What is known as “The fourth Aliya” lasted from 1924 to 1929 and consisted in large part of Polish Jews who were motivated to come to Palestine.

The Western Wall and the Mughrabi Quarter, which was destroyed following Israel's capture of Jerusalem's

The Western Wall and the Mughrabi Quarter, which was destroyed following Israel’s capture of Jerusalem’s

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Peru, in 1925.

 

1926, Mein Kampf (German: [maɪ̯n kampf], “My Struggle”) an autobiography by the National Socialist leader Adolf Hitler, in which he outlines his political ideology and future plans for Germany. Volume 1 of Mein Kampf was published in 1925 and Volume 2 in 1926. His writings covered an array of different topics, like the plot of Jewish elitists, racism, the living space for the German people, the evils of communism within parliamentary democracy and even sports like boxing. Mein Kampf would go on to become one of the best-selling non-religious books of all time, despite being banned in many countries after world war 2.

1923 German depression

1920’s German Depression – Lines would build up filled with people who wanted to buy the few items left in stores

By 1926, the Nazis had 3 seats in parliament. Adolf Hitlers German election opportunity came with the depression that followed Germany after World War 1. In a few short years, 1 in 3 workers were unemployed and Germany was experiencing extreme poverty, suffering and starvation. Hitler expressed his notion that the democratic political parties and communist infiltrators had no solution to offer the German people, for over 2 million people, Hitler was the only person who offered a solution. During this time a loaf of bread cost 500,000 Marks.

 

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Panama, Russia, the United Kingdom and Ireland, in 1926.

 

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Australia, in 1927.

 

In 1929, The first Rothschild world bank, the, “Bank for International Settlements (BIS),” is established in Basle, Switzerland. The same place as where 33 years earlier the first ever World Zionist Congress was held.
 

first_board Rothschild

First unofficial meeting of the BIS Board of Directors in Basel

Many Palestinians launched an uprising against the British in 1929, who were enforcing pro-Zionist policies withing Palestinian territories. Hundreds of Jewish settlers and Palestinian civilians were killed in the conflict. History shows us that it was caused by a series of demonstrations and riots in late August 1929, when a long-running dispute between Muslims and Jews over access to the Western Wall in Jerusalem escalated into violence. By the end of these riots, hundreds of Jewish Settlers and Civilians were killed. The riots produced a large number of trials. According to the Attorney-General of Palestine, Norman Bentwich, the following numbers of persons were charged, with the numbers convicted in parentheses.

Murder Attempted murder Looting/arson Lesser offences
Arabs 124 (55) 50 (17) 250 (150) 294 (219)
Jews 70 (2) 39 (1) 31 (7) 21 (9)

 

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Hungary and Austria, in 1929.

1930 - 1939

A National Zionist Federation is founded in India, in 1932.

 

In 1932, the Nazis won the greatest share of the popular vote in the two “Reichstag general elections”, Although they did not have a majority, so Hitler led a short-lived coalition government formed by the NSDAP and the German National People’s Party. Under pressure from politicians, industrialists, and the business community, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler as Chancellor of Germany on 30 January 1933.

 

The year Hitler came to power (1933 officially), Jewish immigration to Palestine notably increased. Coming primarily from Central Europe, these Jews brought with them a great deal of capital, as well as skills and experience in industry, science, banking, medicine and law. In this year, there were 7 million unemployed Germans, the highest per capita unemployment rate in Europe at the time. Within his first year in office, Hitler was well on his way to restoring the German economy in what is seen as the greatest financial recovery in human history. Hitler also pioneered much of the medical science, engineering and technological advancements that came about from the 1930’s, which transformed Germany into an economic superpower, Health and Fitness was one of the leading priorities of Hitlers vision, especially for the youth. Hitler was also a pioneer for forest and wildlife conservation, which was very much unheard of in these days.

daily express 1933 - nazi

(The Daily Express – 1933) This boycott included that of German goods and lasted from 1933 until the entry of the US into WWII

A vast majority of those who immigrated to Palestine from central Europe did so under the Transfer Agreement of 1933, a negotiated arrangement in 1933 between Zionist organizations and the Nazis to transfer some 50,000 – 60,000 Jews, and $100 million ($1.7 Billion by todays U.S standards) of their assets to Jewish Palestine in exchange for stopping the worldwide Jewish-led boycott threatening to topple the Hitler regime. The Zionist Federation of Germany submitted a detailed memorandum to the NAZI government that reviewed German-Jewish relations and formally offered Zionist support in “solving the Jewish question.” In fact, over 50 times it was recorded that NAZI’s and Zionists struck deals, before and during world war II. One of these saw the transfer of property and goods being exchanged for capital, which could be used in a Jewish homeland. 

 

In regards to growing hostilities between the national socialists and the Jews and communists in Germany, a Zionist leader of Germany, Nahum Sokolow, was quoted in 1933 as saying,

“Hitlerism enables us to convert all Jews to Zionism.”
Nazi Zionist coin

This “Nazi-Zionist” medallion was issued by the Berlin daily Der Angriff to commemorate a joint visit to Zionist Palestine by SS officer Leopold von Mildenstein and Zionist Federation official Kurt Tuchler. A series of articles on their tour, appearing under the heading “A Nazi Travels to Palestine,” appeared in Der Angriff in late 1934.

At opening of 1934 Berlin Auto, Adolf Hitler gave a speech, in which he stated, “Show National Socialist Germany wants peace because of its fundamental convictions. And it wants peace also owing to the realization of the simple primitive fact that no war would be likely essentially to alter the distress in Europe, The principal effect of every war is to destroy the flower of the nation. Germany needs peace and desires peace!”

 

The worlds first anti-tobacco campaign was launched by the Nazis in 1934.

 

During this time, The Catholic Church, the Lutheran Church, and the Supreme Muslim Council all endorsed the Hitler regime. The United States, England, France, Italy, Russia, Argentina, Japan, Ireland, Poland, and dozens of other nations all signed friendship and trade treaties and knowingly contributed to German economic and military recovery. Hitler for the most part agreed with the idea of Zionism because of the prospects with a Jewish exodus out of central Europe. Through the process of negotiations, agreements and deals, Hitler at this time became one of the chief economic sponsors to a Jewish state in Palestine.

 

According to official statistics there were 42,359 Jewish immigrants from Germany to Palestine during 1934. The first organized group of Youth Aliyah children from Germany, organized by the Youth Aliyah Bureau, arrive in Palestine and is sent to study in Kibbutz Ein Harod during this time. Following the deteriorating situation between the German Jews and Nazi party, the adoption of restrictions on Jewish employment and movement are put in place to encourage a Jewish exodus out of German controlled territory.

Jewish German members at Kibbut

Jewish German members in Kibbutz, Palestine.

In 1934, Baron Edmond James de Rothschild died at Chateau Rothschild, Boulogne-Billancourt. His wife died a year later on 29 December 1935. They were interred in Pere Lachaise Cemetery in Paris until April 1954 when their remains were transported to Israel aboard a naval frigate.

Between 1934 and 1935, Political tension in the United States saw pro German and anti German demonstrations being carried out in public. A group of Jewish demonstrators boarded the German ship Bremen in New York harbour in eastern United States, tore down the Nazi flag and threw it in the Hudson river. A protest by the German consul was met by US officials declaring that the swastika flag was not the recognised national flag of Germany.

In 1935, In Germany a nationwide network of clinics for racial hygiene was established with the aim of collecting and processing data about citizens “racial purity”. The information obtained would provide a perverse instrument for social profiling throughout the country, the WZO claims this to be discrimination.

Berlin, SS officers

Members of the SA picket in front of a Jewish place of business in response to Poland trying to put international boycotts on German exported goods.

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Mexico, in 1936.

With regard to the increase in anti-Semitism in Germany, Samuel Landman (at the time, secretary to the World Zionist Organisation), in his 1936 book, Great Britain, The Jews, and Palestine states the following of the United States entry into World War 1, “The fact that it was Jewish help that brought USA into the War on the side of the Allies has rankled ever since in German­ especially Nazi ­ minds, and has contributed in no small measure to the prominence which anti-Semitism occupies in the Nazi programme.”

 

In 1936, a nationalist uprising by Palestinian Arabs in British Mandatory Palestine took place, The main cause for this was a demand for Arab independence and the end of Jewish immigration as the League of Nations had authorized in 1922. British forces and Zionist militias took to the streets and started arresting demonstrates, in numerous occasions Palestinians were killed. The escalation of violence rolled out into a civil war.

david_ben_gurion_ethnic_cleansing

David Ben Gurion on the ethnic cleansing of Palestinians in a letter in 1937.

In 1937, The British Royal Commission of Inquiry to Palestine, headed by Lord Peel, recommends that the mandate is no longer practical and that Palestine should be partitioned into separate Arab and Jewish states to help alleviate the strong and growing anti Zionist viewpoints. Former Colonial Secretary Leo Amery argued that partition had been rejected “for the wrong reasons.” He said that the Peel Plan based its proposal on areas where “Jews and Arabs already preponderated,” while fulfilling the Mandate required providing the Jews with sufficient territory for substantial immigration. The attempt of the Woodhead Commission to include the fewest number of Arabs in Jewish areas and vice versa led to plans that were not viable.

peel commission 1937

The peel commission of 1937 – Land proposal before the end of world war 2

 

Following the assassination of the British District Commissioner for the Galilee in 1937, the British authorities present in Palestine ban all Arab nationalist political organisations and arrests members of the Arab Higher Committee. Four of whom are deported to the Seychelles. Haj Amin al-Husseini and Jamal al-Husseini avoid arrest and leave the country. The British dismantle all Palestinian paramilitary units, exile the leaders and hang hundreds of political prisoners, effectively leaving Palestine defenseless against the well funded Zionist regime. Oppositions to Zionism is considered criminal in some parts of Palestine by the British occupying force.

 

 

February 28, 1938, The Woodhead Commission, the British team sent to work out a plan to implement the separation, concludes that the partitioning proposed by the Peel Commission is impractical, especially since it was going to require very large numbers of Arab people having to migrate out of Arab majority areas.

 

Gandhi’s major statement on the Palestine and the Jewish question came forth in his widely circulated editorial in the Harijan of 11 November 1938, “Palestine belongs to the Arabs in the same sense that England belongs to the English or France to the French. It is wrong and inhuman to impose the Jews on the Arabs… Surely it would be a crime against humanity to reduce the proud Arabs so that Palestine can be restored to the Jews partly or wholly as their national home” (Mahatma Gandhi).

Mahatma Gandhi rejects Zionism

Mahatma Gandhi rejected Zionism in his publications between 1938-1939

A National Zionist Federation is founded in Belgium, in 1938.

 

On 7th November 1938, a Zionist Jew, Herschel Grynszpan, assassinated Ernst vom Rath, a minor official at the German Embassy in Paris. As a result of this German hostility towards Jews in Germany started to turn violent. The Rothschilds Austrian banking house in Vienna, S. M. von Rothschild und Söhne, closes following the Nazi occupation of Austria.

 

Adolf Hitler

Hitler was greeted as a Holy Roman emperor in Austria upon his arrival on the 12th of March 1938

January 1939 In the Soviet Union, the Regime introduced the compulsory “Labour Book” for all workers, in which were inscribed details of all the jobs that the worker had held and any infraction of discipline, punishments and reprimands. No worker could change employment without written permission from his Plant Director in the Labour Book. Hitlers foreign policy was gaining strength and influence in central Europe, during this time other laws and income restrictions on Jews are put into place during the following months, Czechoslovakian foreign minister visited Adolf Hitler in Berlin, Germany; Hitler recommended Czechoslovakia to decrease the size of its military, to hand over a large portion of its gold reserves to be stored in Germany, and to begin excluding Jews in society. This marked another large influx of Jewish asylum seekers immigrating to Palestine, legally and illegally from central Europe and Russia in the following 12 months.

 

World war 2 is officially declared in 1939. (It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries).

1940 - 1949

1940
  • 1940 April 27, AUSCHWITZ (Poland) – Under Himmler’s orders, work began on Auschwitz. The first and smallest camp was used for German criminals. Later it was used for Polish prisoners as well.

 

  • 1940 July 3, MADAGASCAR PLAN (Berlin, Germany) Adolph Eichmann prepared a detailed plan for the transfer of four million Jews to Madagascar to be paid for by Jewish confiscated property.

 

1941
  • Early 1941, Commonwealth and Free French forces in northern Palestine crossed the border into southern French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon; the Free French promised the counties full independence for their co-operation. Troops of the British No. 11 (Scottish) Commando was to conduct an amphibious raid in an attempt to secure a crossing on the Litani River for the Australian troops, but bad weather delayed their arrival by sea. French Lieutenant-General Joseph-Antoine-Sylvain-Raoul de Verdillac attended the French-British negotiations for a ceasefire in the French Mandate of Syria and the Lebanon. Making progress in the discussions during the day, the process to draft the Armistice of Saint Jean d’Acre began near Acre, British Mandate of Palestine. Meanwhile, French naval vessels and aircraft were ordered to go to neutral Turkey, where they were interned.

 

  • On the 14th of July 1941, French High Commissioner for Syria and the Lebanon signed the Armistice of Saint Jean d’Acre at Acre, British Mandate of Palestine, surrendering his command to the British. In exchange, he received the British agreement for the French soldiers to retain their personal arms and full honors. The agreement contained no reference to the Free French. In the months that followed, Palestine accumulated a very heavy presence of international armies using the area for temporary bases and strategic military posts.
Lieutenant General Sir Edmund Francis Herring

Lieutenant General Sir Edmund Francis Herring was a senior Australian Army officer during the Second World War, Lieutenant Governor of Victoria, and Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria. Herring was promoted to substantive colonel and temporary brigadier, and given the AIF serial number VX15. His first task was to organise his new command, which was equipped with World War I vintage 18 pounder guns and 4.5 inch howitzers. Herring left for Palestine on 15 April 1942, along with the 6th Division’s commander, Major General Iven Mackay and his headquarters. Training was difficult as the old ammunition was apparently in short supply.

 

  • On the 12th of December 1941, The United Kingdom declared war on Bulgaria while Bulgaria, Hungary, and Romania declared war on the United Kingdom and the United States, as a result the Refugee ship SS Struma departed Romania with 769 Romanian Jews on board, sailing for Palestine to establish a new homeland. A week later another refugee ship (Struma) arrived in Istanbul, Turkey with 769 Romanian Jews aboard; without permission to enter Palestine, they would remain on the ship for the following two months but would eventually gain access into Palestine.

 

Palestine currency 1942

Diameter: 29 mm. Edge: Reeded. Alignment: Medal. Mint: British Royal Mint. Obverse Legends: Olive stem, inscription PALESTINE in Arabic, English and Hebrew.

1942
1943
  • January 1943, Jews in Opoczno, Poland were told that those with family in Palestine would be deported there. 500 Jews came out from hiding to register and were sent to Treblinka Concentration Camp although were not transferred to Palestine due to the financial hardships of war that Germany were facing at the time, almost on the brink of loosing the war.

 

  • Early 1943, British Colonial Secretary Stanley announced that 5,000 Jews, 4,500 of them children, would be allowed to migrate from Bulgaria to Palestine. Additionally, 30,000 immigration certificates were made available for use by any Jewish children in southeastern Europe for Palestine. Unfortunately, most of the 35,000 allotments were not used, as the Red Cross refused to accompany children on the ships in poor condition that were made available for the transportation to Palestine.

 

  • On the 4th of May 1943, The Vatican Secretary of State reminded the Apostolic Delegate in London, England, United Kingdom that the Vatican opposed establishing a Jewish homeland in British Palestine due to the area’s sacred status to Christianity as the birthplace of Jesus Christ.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in France and Romania, in 1943.
1944
  • Toward the end of world war II, the British needed Arab oil and signed an agreement with the Arabs which limited Jewish immigration into Palestine, the British introduced the White Paper of 1939. The White Paper rejected the concept of partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states, and announced that the country would be turned into an independent binational state with an Arab majority. It markedly decreased Jewish immigration into the region, allowing for only 75,000 Jews to migrate to Palestine from 1940 to 1944.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Egypt, in 1944.

 

  • In September 1944, the Jewish Brigade was formed, based on the Palestine Regiment core. The brigade consisted of nearly 5,000 volunteers, including three former Palestine Regiment battalions, the 200th Field Regiment, Royal Artillery and several supporting units. The brigade was dispatched to participate in the Italian campaign in late 1944 and later took part in the Spring 1945 offensive in Italy against the German forces.

 

1945
  • By early 1945, the British and Americans were closing in on Germany from the west, the Soviets from the east, and Hitler was holed up in a bunker under the chancellery in Berlin awaiting defeat. On April 30, with the Soviets less than a mile from his headquarters, Hitler committed suicide with Eva Braun, his mistress whom he married only the night before.

 

operation paperclip nazi

A group of 104 rocket scientists (aerospace engineers) at Fort Bliss, Texas

  • On May 19, 1945 the United States Government begin Operation Overcast – later renamed Operation Paperclip A program to recruit former Nazi scientists and rocket engineers to work for the United States. A program in which over 1,500 German scientists, technicians, and engineers from Nazi Germany and other foreign countries were brought to the United States of America for employment in the aftermath of World War II. One of the most prominent was former HYDRAscientist Arnim Zola. After joining S.H.I.E.L.D., Zola began to rebuild HYDRA inside S.H.I.E.L.D. Another recruited scientist, Wernher von Braun, who built the V-2 rockets for the Nazis, now developed rockets that could allegedly fly into space.

 

  •  At the end of the war, the British broke their agreement with the Arabs and allowed Rothschild funded Zionists to smuggle hundreds of thousands of Jews from around the world into Palestine, Immigration to the region was once again increasing around this time.
Nazis loose the war

Nazis loose the war

  • With the fall of Nazi Germany, The Rothschild’s and the Zionist movements of Europe wasted no time in waving their Balfour declaration at the British government and reminding them of their written promise to give them Palestine. Rothschild owned Reuters and the associated press, which were had already been winning public support by pushing a very large propaganda campaign. The United Nations was formulated and negotiated among the delegations from the Soviet Union, the UK, the US and China at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944.  World War 2 resulted in an estimated 85 million deaths, 20 million of which were Russian, who received the largest number of deaths of any group of people. These figures made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.

 

  • Following a string of pro-Palestinian policies being implemented by the British, Zionist terrorists responded by launching an attack on British personnel and facilities. After a bomb explosion caused by terrorists on the British headquarters in Jerusalem, one entire quarter of the King David hotel was destroyed. 88 innocent bystanders also died and a good portion of the British high command was wiped out. One of the masterminds behind the King David hotels, was a man named Menachem Begin, who would later go on to become Israels Prime Minister. Yitzhak Shamir, born Yitzhak Jazernicki in Ruzinoy, eastern Poland, was the seventh Prime Minister of Israel. In 1937 he joined the Irgun Zvai Leumi, an underground Jewish terrorist group headed by Menachem Begin, and was involved in several terrorist attacks against civilians. Richard Crossman, a British Labour Party MP, whose experience on the Anglo-American Committee had made him sympathetic to Zionism had stated, “I can’t help feeling proud of our boys. If only it had been a German headquarters, they would have gotten the Victoria Cross.”

 

  • After months of planning, the UN Conference on International Organization opened in San Francisco, 25 April 1945, attended by 50 governments and a number of non-governmental organizations involved in drafting the United Nations Charter. With the establishment of the United Nations in 1945, the British pulled out of Palestine and handed control of the land that had been carved up by the United Nations, to the Zionist Jews. The UN had also negotiated borders between the Palestinian state and the Jewish State, ones that were said to be unbreakable, unless an agreement between the two states.

 

  • A major Zionist leader and Executive Head of the World Zionist Organization, David Ben Gurion, self-declared the Jewish State of Israel the minute the British left. And world leaders only pandered because they had no choice. The state was never legally created, and from Gurions diary’s we know he immediately instructed the implementation of ethnic cleansing of prominent villages to house squatters in.

 

1946
  • October 16, 1946, In accordance with the sentences handed down after the convictions, ten defendants are executed by hanging. One defendant, Hermann Goering, escapes the hangman by committing suicide in his cell.
1947
  • In 1947, The United Nations General Assembly decided on the partition of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states, with Jerusalem to be an internationalized city. Despite around 25 countries within the UN who were either against or uncertain about this Partition, it went ahead anyway. Despite two thirds of the population being non-Jewish settlers, the UN officially recognised two states. Despite Jews only owing less than 6% of the land before the UN partition plan, they ended up with 56% of Palestine.

0113-UN-partition-plan-B

  • May 15th, 1947, UN General Assembly establishes a Special Committee on Palestine (UNSCOP).

 

  • Chaim Weizmann, president of the World Zionist Organization (WZO) was instrumental in the adoption of the Partition Plan by the United Nations on November 29, 1947, and in the recognition of Israel by the United States.

 

  • May 17th, 1947, USSR officially recognizes Israel.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Canada, in 1947.

 

1948
  • Declaration of Independence of the State of Israel (May 14th, 1948). David Ben-Gurion announces the establishment of the State of Israel in Tel Aviv and declares that Jewish immigration into the new state would be unrestricted

 

  • Israeli soldiers imprisoned thousands of Palestinian civilians within at least 22 Zionist-run concentration and labour camps that existed from 1948 to 1955. Now declassified documents reveal horrific information regarding the living conditions and health concerns of men, women and children who were forced into these concentration camps. In July 1948 Israeli troops forcefully compelled the entire population of almost 60,000 Palestinian civilians to flee their homes in the middle of the hot Mediterranean summer. When many of the native inhabitants refused to leave or couldn’t, Israeli Prime Minister (at the time) David Ben-Gurion gave orders to ethnically cleanse both towns. The edicts to seize both cities were signed by Yitzhak Rabin (who later became Israel’s Prime Minister).
Civilians in a labour camp in Ramleh, July 1948. (Photo: Salman Abu Sitta, Palestine Land Society)

Civilians in a labour camp in Ramleh, July 1948. (Photo: Salman Abu Sitta, Palestine Land Society)

Soldiers were commanded to strip Palestinians of their valuables after driving them out of their homes. According to historians many of the refugees died from thirst, hunger, and heat exhaustion. Swarms of Jewish immigrants poured into Lydda and Ramleh and within days, transformed ancient Palestinian towns into part of the Jewish settlement. It should be noted the Zionist account of this war crime was intentionally suppressed until Yitzhak Rabin reported it in his biography and in a New York Times interview (which was censored in Israel at the time), however, it was later confirmed in the declassified Israeli and Zionist archives.

Before the end of the mandate and, therefore before any possible intervention by Arab states, the Jews, taking advantage of their superior military preparation and organization, had occupied most of the Arab cities in Palestine before May 15, 1948. The armies of the Arab states entered the war immediately after the State of Israel was founded in May. Fighting continued, almost all of it within the territory assigned to the Palestinian state. About 700,000 Palestinians fled or were expelled in the 1948 conflict.

exodous of Lydia

The Palestinian exodus of Lydda – Take note of the absence of adult men.

Before the end of the British Mandate the Zionist leaders launched on April 4th 1948, their general expansionist colonial plan dubbed as “Plan Dalet”; a Zionist master offensive military plan with many sub-operations such as Nachshon, Harel, and Maccabi, whose aim was the systematic ethnic cleansing of as many Palestinians as possible and the theft of as much Palestinian land as possible before the end of the British Mandate.  Members of Zionist terror groups, had reported such atrocities. Among the many of them was Yehoshua Gorodenchik, an Irgun physician, reported that they had to withdraw at one time and had decided to murder all prisoners.

We had prisoners and before the retreat we decided to liquidate them, we also liquidated the wounded… we eliminated every Arab we came across up to that point.” (Yehoshua Gorodenchik)

 

  • November 8th, 1948, First census indicates 712,000 Jewish residents, and 69,000 Arab residents in the State of Israel.

 

1949
  • January 21st, First Knesset (parliament) elected. Ben Gurion heads the Labor led coalition.

 

  • After the establishment of the Israeli government, the world Zionist congress lost some of its power, but exists today as a part of the World Zionist Organization, a much stronger and wider reaching organization. Under international law, East Jerusalem is occupied territory, as are the parts of the West Bank that Israel unilaterally annexed to its district of Jerusalem. The Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and the Hague Regulations of 1907 forbid occupying powers to alter the life-ways of civilians who are occupied, and forbid the settling of people from the occupiers’ country in the occupied territory. Israel’s expulsion of Palestinians from their homes in East Jerusalem, its usurpation of Palestinian property there, and its settling of Israelis on Palestinian land are all gross violations of international law.
Geneva Convention of 1949

Geneva Convention of 1949

 

  • August 17th, Theodor Herzl’s remains are brought to Israel and interred on Mt. Herzl, the newly created Israeli official cemetery.

 

  • October, 1949, Mao Tse Tsung declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.During this time his regime was sponsored financially by Rothschild money and various Rothschild agents. Solomon Adler, a former United States Treasury official who was a Soviet Spy; Israel Epstein, the son of a Jewish Bolshevik imprisoned by the Tsar in Russia for trying to ferment a revolution there; and Frank Coe, a leading official of the IMF. Another Jew, Israel Epstein, was Mao’s Minister of Appropriations (Finance). During his reign, around 60 million Chinese were murdered.

 

  • October, 1949, Mao Tse Tsung declared the founding of the People’s Republic of China in Tiananmen Square, Beijing.During this time his regime was sponsored financially by Rothschild money and various Rothschild agents. Solomon Adler, a former United States Treasury official who was a Soviet Spy; Israel Epstein, the son of a Jewish Bolshevik imprisoned by the Tsar in Russia for trying to ferment a revolution there; and Frank Coe, a leading official of the IMF. Another Jew, Israel Epstein, was Mao’s Minister of Appropriations (Finance). During his reign, around 20 million Chinese were murdered.
Mao with Jew Financier Sidney Rittenberg

Mao with Jew Financier Sidney Rittenberg

 

1950 - 1959

1950
  • January 23rd, Israel conducted an election. Knesset by 60-2 vote, establishes Jerusalem as Israel’s capital
  • In 1950, The Israeli government adopts the ‘Law of Return’ – “Every Jew has the right to come to this country as an oleh (a Jewish immigrant).” These laws are put in place under the recommendation of the World Zionist Organization for the purpose of creating a Jewish majority in Israel which can be backed by law under proposed immigration and nationality laws. Many Palestinians and advocates for Palestinian refugee rights criticize the Law of Return, which they compare with the Palestinian claim to a “Palestinian right of return”. These critics consider the Law, as contrasted against the denial of the right of return, as offensive and as institutionalized ethnic discrimination. Amongst those who are in favor of retaining the Law, controversy exists over its wording. The Law’s definition of a “Jew” and “Jewish people” are subject to debate. Israeli and Diaspora Jews differ with each other as groups and among themselves as to what this definition should be for the purposes of the Law of Return. Additionally, there was a lively debate over the meaning of the terms “Jewish State” and “State of the Jews”.
1951
  • April 12th, 1951. ‘Holocaust Martyrs’ and Heroes’ Remembrance Day established on 27th of month of ‘Nissan’, in Israel.
1952
  • In 1952 the “Zionist Organization-Jewish Agency for Israel Status Law” was passed by the Knesset formalising the roles of the Israeli government. An agreement was signed between the government of Israel and the World Zionist Organization which would delegate matters relating to immigration, Aliyah and settlements. Israel no longer oversee the illegal settlements in Palestine and attempt to use this as a loophole to avoid being found guilty of breaching International laws.
David Ben-Gurion, Chairman of the Jewish Agency, declaring the establishment of the State of Israel, in Tel Aviv, May 14, 1948

David Ben-Gurion, Chairman of the Jewish Agency during this time.

 

  • September 10th, 1952. Israel and West Germany sign Reparations Agreement in Luxembourg, The German government has committed to pay nearly 800 million euros.
  • Israel participates in its first Olympic Games in Helsinki, Finland. Israel is allowed to enter as a nation, but doesn’t win any gold or silver medals.

 

1953
  • August, 1953. Unit 101, an IDF special force unit, is founded and commanded by Ariel Sharon to combat ongoing terror attacks by Arab fedayeen.
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Sweden, in 1953.
  • September 2nd, Israel starts work on Jordan River project. Syria complains to the UN Security Council about Israels illegal program. October 15th, President Eisenhower appoints Ambassador Eric Johnston to help establish regional water development project based on Jordan River.
  • October 20th, 1953, U.S. halts economic aid to Israel until it halts work on the Jordan River project. October 28th, Israel complies and US aid is resumed.

 

1954
  • The founding of the Conference of Major Jewish Organizations indicates a galvanization of Jewish lobby in the U.S.

 

  • March 20th 1954, USSR vetoes Western draft resolution at Security Council calling on Egypt to comply with 1951 resolution on Suez Canal.

 

  • The Lavon Affair:  In the summer of 1954 Colonel Benyamin Gibli, the chief of Israel’s military intelligence (Aman), initiated Operation Suzannah (Now known as ‘the lavon affair’) in which a post office in Alexandria was firebombed, and on July 14, the U.S. Information Agency libraries in Alexandria and Cairo, and a British-owned theater were bombed. The purpose of targeting U.S interests was an attempt to frame the Muslim brotherhood operating in Egypt, although much of the operation was exposed and prevented when a bomb prematurely went off. This Jewish terrorist bomb that went off prematurely alerted authorities and led to the capture of almost the entire terrorist cell. The reasons for attempting to frame the Muslim brotherhood and carrying out these false flag terror attacks was in hopes of leading America into an unjust war with Egypt, a war which would have cost the lives of tens of thousands of people and cost billions and billions of dollars. Israel was caught so obviously that they had to admit to the event and the Israeli defense minister Pinhas Lavon, was forced to resign.

In the early 1950s the United States began pressuring the British to withdraw from the Suez Canal, abandoning two operative treaties, the Convention of Constantinople and the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 that made the canal a neutral zone under British control. Israel was strongly opposed to the British withdrawal, as it feared that it would remove a moderating effect on Nasser‘s military ambitions, especially toward Israel, but diplomatic methods failed to sway the British. In the summer of 1954 Colonel Benyamin Gibli, the chief of Israel’s military intelligence (Aman), initiated Operation Suzannahin order to reverse that decision, Israeli operative staged a failed false flag attack.

 

Lavon Affair and Moshe Marzouk

Israeli agents Moshe Marzouk and Shmuel Azar hanged ( ‘Unit 131’ member) on Jan 1955 for bombings in Egypt. Unit 131 operatives had been recruited several years before, when the Israeli intelligence officer Avram Dar arrived in Cairo under a British cover. He had recruited several Egyptian Jews who had previously been active in illegal emigration activities and trained them for covert operations.

 

  • September 28th, Egypt seizes an Israeli spy ship “Bat Galim” at Port Said, within Egyptian territory.

 

1955
  • In early 1955, Operation Black Arrow occurs. An IDF operation carried out in Gaza (then under Egyptian control) from 28 February through 1 March. The operation is aimed at the Egyptian army according to Israeli Military officials. 38 Egyptian and eight Israeli soldiers are killed during the operation and 30 Egyptians and thirteen Israelis are wounded.

 

1956
  • May 9th, Dulles tells NATO in Paris that the U.S. would not sell arms to Israel directly in order to avoid U.S.-USSR confrontation in the Middle East.

 

1957
  • 1957, after peace agreements were made between the now Jewish state and what remains of the Palestinian state, massacres of Palestinian civilians were carried out in public, more settlements were made and more segregation put in place. In the 1957 Israeli presidential election, the Knesset re-elects Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, as President of Israel with 76 votes for and 16 abstaining.
Palestine zionism

The Yarmouk refugee camp was established in 1957 by Palestinian refugees who moved to this district, some eight kilometers outside of Damascus.

  • 1957, James de Rothschild dies and it is reported (by the Rothschild owned media) that he bequeaths a large sum of money to the state of Israel to pay for the construction of their parliament building, the Knesset. He states that the Knesset should be, “a symbol, in the eyes of all men, of the permanence of the State of Israel.”
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Burma (Myanmar), in 1957.
  • By the end of 1957, The United States attains world’s largest Jewish population.

 

1958
  • 1958, Immigration from Eastern Europe starts to grow, primarily from Romania.
  • October 25th, U.S. ends its military intervention in Lebanon.
1959
  • The USSR officially declares it will not allow Soviet Jews to immigrate to Israel.
  • January 1959, Fatah is established by Yasser Arafat and associates.
  • March 13th, Egypt detains German ship Lialot in Suez Canal with Israeli cargo to Malaya and Philippines.

1960 - 1969

1960
  • In 1960, Theodore Heuss becomes the first German president to visit Israel since its inception.

 

  • In Bueno Aires, four MOSSAD agents kidnap Adolf Eichman to return him to Israel to face charges regarding the alleged holocaust. Argentina demanded that Israel return Adolf Eichmann, and then asked for reparations for Eichmann’s seizure by MOSSAD agents in Buenos Aires. On the 2nd August 1960, the dispute was resolved by Israel keeping Eichmann, but acknowledging that Argentina’s fundamental rights had been infringed upon. In this same year, The Israeli Air Force received its first Fouga Magister jets and Israel officially launched its nuclear research programs.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Uruguay, in 1960.

 

1961
  • Israel’s first nuclear reactor becomes operational at Nahal Sorek, in 1961.

 

  • March 16th, 1961. The IDF raids Syrian positions east of Sea of Galilee, following Syrian shelling. Israel show a complete disproportionate attack. No action is taken against Israel. Although, April 9th, the UN Security Council condemns Israel for Galilee raid.

 

1962
  • Illegal Israeli led archaeological excavations commence at Masada, under the direction of Professor Yigal Yadin, in 1962.

 

  • May 31st, Adolf Eichmann is executed in Israel for his part in [what the Israelis call] ‘The Jewish Holocaust’.
1963

 

1964
  • January 5th, 1964. Pope Paul VI visits Israel as part of a Middle East Tour.

 

  • Arab resentment toward Israel was becoming more widespread, In a new wave of Arab socialism, the Ba’ath Party took power in Iraq and Syria. Among the key Ba’ath aims was the support of the Palestinian cause. In 1964, The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was founded in Cairo by the Arab League. Ahmad Shuqeiri was its first leader, although the organization was de facto controlled by the Egyptian government. The PLO stated their goal as the deconstruction of the State of Israel and the liberation of the Palestinian state, between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea. During this time, more violent clashes between the Palestinians and the Israelis were taking place, in the build up to “the six day war”.

 

1965
  • February 12th, 1965. West Germany announces suspension of arms sales to Israel, unless Israel leaves occupied territories, Israel remains in occupied areas.

 

1966
This large gold medal commemorates both the help that the Rothschild family gave in the establishment of Israel, and the founding of the Knesset. Designed by Paul Vincze. Mintage of only 3,000.

This large gold medal commemorates both the help that the Rothschild family gave in the establishment of Israel, and the founding of the Knesset. Designed by Paul Vincze. Mintage of only 3,000. (1966)

 

  • The Coca-Cola Company announces it will open a plant in Israel in defiance of the the Arab Boycott.

 

1967
  • In 1967, we see the six day war, using air, sea and ground combat, Israel took over the sinai peninsula of Egypt and the Golan heights from Syria. Israel also began occupying the west bank and massacred more Palestinian civilians. Following the 1967 war, Israel created “Greater Jerusalem” by expanding the borders of East Jerusalem to include surrounding areas of the West Bank where the Palestinian population was minimal. It annexed this new “Jerusalem,” and declared it to be it’s capitol. Thousands of Native Palestinians were displaced. The number of Arab war casualties is estimated between 20,000 and 25,000, Israel had about 900 Casualties. The displacement of civilian populations resulting from the war would have long-term consequences, as 300,000 Palestinians fled the West Bank and about 100,000 Syrians left the Golan to become refugees.
Israeli land occupation - six day war

Israeli land occupation – The Golan Heights from Syria, West Bank, The Gaza Strip and Jeruselum from Palestine (Including parts of Jordan) and the entire Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. (1967 – The Six Day War)

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in South Africa and New Zealand, in 1967.

 

  • To avoid responsibilities under international law The Israeli government used the World Zionist Organization to settle its citizens in the territory occupied in 1967. The document concerns several homes in the Israeli settlement of Ofra, approximately 15 miles north of Jerusalem in the West Bank. The Israeli Justice Ministry confirmed that the land in question was owned by Palestinians and that the nine houses in question had been ordered demolished. Dror Etkes of Yesh Din said “It’s an international organization that is, simply put, stealing land.” Like all Israeli settlements in the Israeli-occupied territories, Ofra is considered illegal under international law, though the Israeli government disputes this.

 

1968
  • June 22, Israeli Prime Minister Levi Eshkol declares that the Jordan River is Israel’s security border.

 

1969
  • December 9th. U.S. Secretary of State Rogers announces American Plan for peace in the Middle East. December 12th, Israel rejects Rogers plan. Instead promotes the idea of a greater state of Israel in many newspapers.

1970 - 1979

1970
  • The Israeli Defense Force launched Operation Rhodes in 1970, a heliborne raid against the Egyptian island of Shadwan. Israeli paratroopers and Shayetet-13 naval commandos take control of the island for 36 hours before leaving with 62 captured Egyptian soldiers and radar equipment. Egypt considered this as an act of terrorism at the time.
Operation Rhodes egypt

Operation Rhodes resulted in 3 Israeli deaths and 70 Egyptian deaths

 

  • Towards the end of 1970, private Palestinian land of al-Bireh and Dura al-Qar was seized by military order for a military outpost and later on consigned to settlers for the purpose of civilian settlement.

 

1971
  • By January 1971, The three millionth citizen arrived in Israel during a big influx of Jewish immigration from North Africa, the Black Panthers movement becomes active in Israel among North African Jews, and begins protesting against social conditions; violent demonstrations erupt in Jerusalem. A Demand for soviet Jews to immigrate to Israel also becomes increased.

 

  • December 2nd, Israeli Prime Minister Golda Meir meets President Nixon in Washington, to lobby for more military and financial support for Israel.

 

1972
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Chile, in 1972.

 

  • September 5th, Eleven Israeli athletes are murdered at the Munich Olympic Games by Black September, a terrorist group who Israel allege were affiliated with Fatah. There is disagreement among historians, journalists, and primary sources about the nature of the BSO and the extent to which it was controlled by Fatah, the PLO faction controlled at the time by Yasser Arafat. Declassified documents which are now in the hands of The Independent (Abu Nidal, notorious Palestinian mercenary, ‘was a US spy‘), written by Saddam Hussein’s security services, state that Nidal (one of the leaders of Black September) had been “colluding” with the CIA and Mossad spy agencies, in an attempt to garner sympathy for the state of Israel during an influx of ‘antisemitism’.
1973
  • May 24, Ephraim Kazir becomes Israel’s fourth president.

 

  • September 13th, Thirteen Syrian MIG-21 planes were downed by israel in aerial battle off Syrian coast. No actions were taken against Israel

 

  • October 6th, ‘The Yom Kippur War’ begins with Egyptian and Syrian forces attacking across 1967 ceasefire lines (Egypt crosses Suez Canal, Syrian forces attack Golan Heights, in response to the continuous land grabs and acts of terrorism by the IDF. During this time, all Syrian ships sunk; no Israeli losses. Israel contain  the Golan heights and proceed to invade and temporarily occupy Damascus, Syria.

 

  • December 1st, David Ben-Gurion dies and is buried at his home in Kibbutz Sde Boker in the Negev.

 

1974
  • January 18th, Israel-Egypt separation of forces agreement is signed in kilometer 101 on the Cairo-Suez road. On this same day, the Sinai Disengagement Agreement is also signed between Israel and Egypt. Hostile actions between Syria and Israel are still noted across the ceasefire line shortly after.

 

  • Throughout the whole 1970s, acts of terrorism and violence were becoming a regular occurrence between Militant Palestinian movements and the Zionists of Israel. hundreds of murders occurred during this time, usually in retaliation for a previous attack from the other side. Palestinian activists claim that Zionist Jews and Israel agents had infiltrated some of these Palestinian movements for the purpose of radicalising them, Israeli officials deny this. In 1974, Yasser Arafat (Leader of the PLO) addressed the United Nations General Assembly.

“The difference between the revolutionary and the terrorist lies in the reason for which each fights. For whoever stands by a just cause and fights for the freedom and liberation of his land from the invaders, the settlers and the colonialists cannot possibly be called terrorist, otherwise the American people in their struggle for liberation from the British colonialists would have been terrorists; the European resistance against the Nazis would be terrorism, the struggle of the Asian, African and Latin American peoples would also be terrorism, and many of you who are in this Assembly hall were considered terrorists.” (Yasser Arafat – 1974 UN general assembly)

  • After this speech at the United Nations, the Palestine Liberation Organization was granted observer status and Palestine’s right to self-determination was recognized. In the months that followed, United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379, adopted by a vote of 72 to 35 with 32 abstentions, “determines that Zionism is a form of racism and racial discrimination”. (This resolution was revoked by Resolution 46/86 on December 16, 1991.)

 

  • November 20th, UNESCO condemns Israel for its archaeological digs in Jerusalem.

 

1975
  • by January, 1975, The 100,000th immigrant from the USSR arrives. President Gerald Ford signs legislation including the Jackson-Vanik Amendment, which ties U.S. trade benefits to the Soviet Union to freedom of emigration for Jews.
1976

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Spain, in 1976.

 

  • January 12th, The UN Security Council opens Middle East debate. As there was a representative for Palestine in attendance, Israel openly admits to boycotting the  event in response.

 

1977
  • In 1977, The first Jewish civilian settlement is built within the Israeli occupied area of Gaza.

 

1978

 

  • In 1978, Israeli Operation “Litani” took place, launched an invasion of Lebanon and attempted to seize Lebanon. The seven-day offensive resulted in 100,000 to 285,000 Arab refugees created and around 1,200 Lebanese and Palestinian civilians killed. March 19th, IDF takes over entire Southern Lebanon to the Litani River as U.S. seeks Security Council Resolution that will dispatch an international force to replace the IDF. Security Council adopts Resolution 425 calling for immediate withdrawal of Israeli troops from Lebanon and the stationing of a UN force there. By April 11th, IDF starts withdrawl from Lebanon.

 

1979

1980 - 1989

1980
  • January 1980, Egypt appoints Saad Mortada as its first ambassador to Israel. Dr. Eliyahu Ben Elissar will be Israel’s first ambassador to Egypt.

 

 In this March 26, 1979 file photo, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

In this photo, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat, left, U.S. President Jimmy Carter, center, and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin.

 

  • Toward the end of 1979, Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin and Egyptian President Anwar Sadat signed the Camp David Accord, in which Israel agreed to withdraw from the Sinai Peninsula in exchange for peace and a framework for future negotiation over the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel return the Sinai to the Egyptians in return for them recognizing Israel as a state. In 1980, Egypt becomes the first Arab country in the world to recognize Israel as being legitimate. Despite promises from the Israeli’s to leave some of the occupied territories of Palestine, occupation actually increased. This sparked a mass uprising in Gaza, which eventually carried through to the west bank, lots of civil disobedience and protesting occurs during this time.

 

  • March 1980, The UN Security Council adopts a resolution calling on Israel to dismantle existing settlements and discontinue establishing new settlements. The U.S. votes in favor. Although, later President Carter disavowed the vote saying it was the result of “communication failure”. No actions are taken against Israel.

 

 

1981
  • January 28, 1981, six Israelis are wounded by Katyusha rockets fired at Kiryat Shmona, allegedly from Lebanon.
  • June 7, Israel Air Force destroys Iraqi nuclear reactor at Osirak just before it is to become operative. June 10, the U.S. suspends arms deliveries to Israel in the wake of the Baghdad raid. June 20, the UN Security Council condemns Israel for the raid on the Iraqi nuclear reactor. No actions are taken by UN against Israel.

 

1982
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Argentina, in 1982.

 

1983
  • “When we have settled the land, all the Arabs will be able to do about it will be to scurry around like drugged cockroaches in a bottle.” (Raphael Eitan, Chief of Staff of the Israeli Defence Forces, New York Times, 14 April 1983).

 

1984

 

1985

 

1986
  • From 1986 Simcha Dinitz served as Chairman of the Executive of the World Zionist Organization and Jewish Agency for Israel. During his time in office, almost 1 million Jews (about 7% of the entire Jewish population in the world) emigrated to Israel from the Soviet Union and other countries. 

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Denmark, in 1986.

 

1987
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in the United States, in 1987.

 

  • In 1987, The First Intifada began with violence, riots, general strikes, and civil disobedience campaigns by Palestinians spread across the West Bank and Gaza Strip, the campaign actually brought pro Palestinian rights groups to Palestine to protest with the native inhabitants of the land. Israeli forces initially responded with police-like tactics, using tear gas, plastic bullets, and water cannons. After an attempt by the Israeli Defense Force to put an end to this, the IDF were given the approval to use live ammunition and air to ground strikes on the Palestinian people and other international protesters, this resulted in over 1,200 deaths and about 4,500 injuries.

 

1988

 

1989
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Bulgaria and Costa Rica, in 1989.

 

  • January 12, The UN Security Council grants the PLO the right to speak directly to the Council as “Palestine,” on the same level as any UN member nation.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in the Central African Republic and Ethiopia, in 1989

 

  • July 29, IDF commandos kidnap Sheikh Obeid, Hezbollah’s spiritual leader, from his village in southern Lebanon. No actions are taken against Israel by the UN or the international community.

1990 - 1999

1990
1991
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Ukraine, in 1991.

 

  • In 1991, Israeli citizens are seen carrying out violent acts of terror against the Palestinian people in conjunction with the Israeli defense force, this results in about 100 Palestinian civilian deaths. The Oslo accords of 1993 were put together, Palestine and Israel signed the declaration of principals, in which both states seek recognition as autonomous governing bodies. However, Israel who has broken just about every international law at this point, decided it wants to split the West Bank into 3 zones, 2 of which are controlled by Israel.

 

1992
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Ethiopia, in 1992.

 

  • Hezbollah‘s chief Abbas Musawi is killed in an illegal Israeli air strike in Southern Lebanon.

 

  • Yitzhak Rabin, Labor Party of Israel, is elected as Prime Minister in July.

 

Bill clinton Palestine peace talks

Bill Clinton hosts peace talks between Israel and Palestine, in hopes of establishing a two state solution

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Kazakhstan, in 1992.

 

  • August 23, Israel announces the release of 800 Palestinian political prisoners. 280 houses occupied by the IDF since 1987 would be given back to Palestinians within the occupied territory. Portions of territory are given back, but are still occupied by IDF militants.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Zambia, in 1992.

 

  • December 17th, Israel expels 415 Palestinians, 251 from the West Bank, and 164 from Gaza to Lebanon. The US State Department “strongly condemns the action of deportation.” The Arab delegations suspend the bilateral talks in Washington in protest over the deportations. December 18, The Security Council adopts Resolution 799 which condemned Israel’s actions, although no action is taken.

 

1993
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Libya, in 1993.

 

1994
  • In 1994 the Cave of the Patriarchs attack occurs, where Baruch Goldstein, a Zionist extremist opened fire on Palestinian Muslims worshipping at the Ibrahimi Mosque, killing 29 and injuring 125. He was subsequently overpowered and beaten to death by survivors. Goldstein’s gravesite became a pilgrimage site for many Jewish Zionists. The following words are inscribed on the tomb: “He gave his life for the people of Israel, its Torah and land.” At Goldstein’s funeral, Rabbi Yaacov Perrin claimed that 
“even one million Arabs are not worth a Jewish fingernail”. 
Baruch Goldstein Massacre

Baruch Goldstein

Samuel Hacohen, a teacher at a Jerusalem college, declared Goldstein the “greatest Jew alive, not in one way but in every way” and said that he was “the only one who could do it, the only one who was 100 percent perfect.” Rabbi Dov Lior of Kiryat Arba declared that,

“Goldstein was holier than all the martyrs of the Holocaust.”

 

1995
1996
  • Israeli aggression on its neighbors can be seen throughout 1996 where the Israeli defense force launches its spontaneous attack on Lebanon, in what is known as Operation “Grapes of Wrath”, Israel conducted more than 1,100 air raids and extensive shelling of Lebanon over a sixteen day period. The conflict escalated on April 18 when Israeli artillery killed 106 civilians in a premeditated plot against Lebanon. The conflict was de-escalated on 27 April by a ceasefire agreement banning attacks on civilians.

 

1997
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Poland, in 1997.

2000 - 2009

2000
  • The Israeli Army withdrew from southern Lebanon in the year 2000, in compliance with U.N. Resolution 425. Syria and Lebanon insisted that the withdrawal was incomplete, claiming the Shebaa Farms as Lebanese and still under occupation. February 6, 2001, Ariel Sharon of Likud is elected Prime Minister and refused to continue negotiations with Yasser Arafat at the Taba Summit. Late October, 2000, Solidarity demonstrations are held by Arab citizens of Israel escalated into clashes with Israeli police and Israeli Jewish citizens. Twelve Israeli Arabs and one Palestinian Arab from the Gaza Strip were shot and killed by the Israeli police. As a result of this, Three Israeli soldiers are abducted by Hezbollah while patrolling the Israeli administered side of the Israeli-Lebanese border.

 

2001
  • In 2001, the outpost Beit El East (Tel Haim) appeared, consisting of a caravan neighborhood adjacent to the Beit El Camps shooting ranges (IDF), Which is built on private Palestinian land with state financing.

 

  • One week prior to the WTC attack in September 2001, the Zim Shipping Company moves out of its offices in the WTC, breaking its lease and costing the company $50,000. No reason has ever been given, but Zim Shipping Company is half owned by the State of Israel.

 

2002
  • In March, 2002, Israeli forces began Operation “Defensive Shield”, Israel’s largest military operation in the West Bank since the 1967 Six-Day War. Operation Defensive Shield began with the reoccupation of the city of Ramallah followed soon after by the majority of the Palestinian cities. The reoccupation lasted variable lengths of time, with the longest in Bethlehem for 45 consecutive days. During the reported time period, 55 Palestinian children were killed. Thirty-eight percent (21) were under 12 years of age, The sealing off of areas during the operation meant that humanitarian workers were unable to deliver assistance. There were also cases of Israeli forces not respecting the neutrality of medical and humanitarian workers, and attacking ambulances. International Journalists, activists and aid workers were also murdered by the Israeli defense force during this time. In the months that followed, Israel is officially labeled as committing apartheid. the Separation Barrier that the Israelis had built, is Ruled Illegal by the International Court of Justice of 2004.
Israeli Apartheid Wall

Israeli Apartheid Wall

 

2004
  • In 2004, US President George W. Bush said he had signed into law a bill requiring the State Department to monitor global anti-Semitism and rate countries annually on their treatment of Jews. “This nation will keep watch; we will make sure that the ancient impulse of anti-Semitism never finds a home in the modern world.” (George W. Bush – during a political campaign in Florida). The WZO and other Jewish groups have hailed passage of the bill which they said provided a new avenue to fight anti-Semitism.

 

  • Since 2004, The Department for Zionist Activities of the World Zionist Organization bestows the Herzl Award annually upon “outstanding young men and women in recognition of their exceptional volunteer efforts on behalf of Israel and the Zionist cause”.

 

2005
  • The Palestinian Campaign for the Academic and Cultural Boycott of Israel was launched in Ramallah in April 2004 by a group of Palestinian academics and intellectuals to join the growing international boycott movement.
    On July 9, 2005, Palestinian civil society issued a call for boycotts, divestment and sanctions (BDS) against Israel until it complies with international law. The campaign for boycotts, divestment and sanctions (BDS) is shaped by a rights-based approach and highlights the three broad sections of the Palestinian people: the refugees, those under military occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and Palestinians in Israel.
Members of the Neturei Karta Orthodox Jewish group protest against the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

Members of the Neturei Karta Orthodox Jewish group protest against the Israeli occupation of Palestine.

 

2006
  • January 25, 2006, Hamas won by landslide the majority of seats after the Palestinian legislative election, as a result Israel start the process of getting Hamas labeled as a terrorist organization. Peace talks between Hamas and Israel take place until early June, where the Israeli defense force carry out artillery shelling of a Palestinian beach, where 8 civilians are killed and 30 more are injured, as a result the armed wing of Hamas called off its 16-month-old truce and peace talks are suspended.
Hamas democratic leaders of Palestine

PLC 2006 structure after election

 

2007
  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Angola and Kenya, in 2007.

 

2008
  • Due to international pressure, Israel decides to halt its west bank settlements and take part in more failed peace talks. The Gaza War, also known as Operation Cast Lead was a three-week armed conflict between Palestinians in the Gaza Strip and Israel that began on 27 December 2008 and ended on 18 January 2009 in a unilateral ceasefire. The conflict resulted in 1,417 Palestinian and 13 Israeli deaths, 4 of the 13 Israeli deaths are reportedly the result of friendly fire. Palestinian children were rounded up by the IDF and used as human shields in the conflict. During this time, Israeli officials also admit to stealing the organs of Palestinians; pathologists harvested organs from dead Palestinians, and others, without the consent of their families – a practice it said ended in the 1990’s. Israel once again faces no repercussions.

 

2009
Shimon Peres - Netanyahu

Israeli President Shimon Peres (R) shakes hands with Likud Chairman Benjamin Netanyahu during a joint press conference in Jerusalem, Feb. 20, 2009.

  • 31 March 2009, Benjamin Netanyahu of the ‘Likud party’ is elected as the Prime Minister of Israel. In the following months, Netanyahu announces his plans to get tough on Iran and Palestine, claiming that,
“Palestinians need to recognize Israels right to exist in order for there to be peace.”
  • in 2009, A Zogby poll revealing that voters who backed Obama in the U.S election overwhelmingly supported a policy which amounts to “getting tough on Israel” – ending illegal Israeli settlements within Palestinian territory and establishing a Palestinian state. Jewish voters, 78 per cent of whom voted for Mr Obama, are among the strongest supporters of the plan.

 

  • A National Zionist Federation is founded in Togo, in 2009.

 

Riots in East Jerusalem after suspected revenge killing

Riots in East Jerusalem after suspected revenge killing (2009)

  • After more than 40 years of Israeli military occupation in Palestine. It was revealed by a report back in 2009 that 91.4 percent of children in the Gaza Strip suffer moderate to severe forms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The UN estimates that at least 373,000 children require direct and specialised psycho-social support (PSS), while every child in Gaza has been affected by the brutality and will need some level of psychological support. 

 

  • An international organ harvesting and money-laundering investigation was concluded in July, 2009. Stretching from the Jersey Shore to Brooklyn to Israel and Switzerland culminated in charges against 44 people in total, including three New Jersey mayors, two state assemblymen and five rabbis. Levy Izhak Rosenbaum, and Israeli native who resides in Brooklyn, pleaded guilty in October to brokering three illegal kidney transplants for New Jersey-based customers in exchange for payments of $120,000 or more. Influential Jewish businessmen was among more than 40 people arrested in the dual-track investigation into money laundering and political corruption.

2010 - 2014

2010
  • By the year 2010, About 93% of the Israeli occupied land is legally owned by the State of Israel, the Jewish National Fund (JNF) and the Development Authority, and by law cannot be sold. Further implementations are put in place by the Israeli government on the advice given by the World Zionist Organization, to further legitimize the state of Israel, which a rather large number of countries still (at this time) consider the state of Israel to be an illegal occupation. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas said that the Palestinians and Israel have agreed on the principle of a land swap. The issue of the ratio of land Israel would give to the Palestinians in exchange for keeping settlement blocs is an issue of dispute, with the Palestinians demanding that the ratio be 1:1, and Israel insisting that other factors be considered as well.

 

  • Late 2010, Israel’s former President Moshe Katsav was convicted of two counts of rape, obstruction of justice and other sexual offences by a court in Tel Aviv.

2011
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas

Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas (2011)

  • In 2011, an Israeli naval forces raided and captured a flotilla of ships, organized by the Free Gaza Movement and the Turkish Foundation for Human Rights and Freedoms and Humanitarian Relief (IHH), which were attempting to break the Israeli and Egyptian blockade of Gaza. Despite the ships maintaining communication with the Israeli Government via radio and had informed them that they were on a humanitarian mission, Israeli naval forces opened fire on the humanitarian workers ships. During the takeover, a violent confrontation erupted on board the largest ship of the flotilla. As a result, nine activists are killed and several dozen passengers were left wounded. Israel claims it is completely within its rights to do what it did, however many nations and courts around the world have ruled this to be in violation with international human rights laws.

 

  • Palestine submitted a bid to the UN for statehood and membership. Israel responded by campaigning all of the membered nations to block the plea for statehood, claiming that the bid is antisemitic. 

 

  • Israeli forced fire on unarmed pro-Palestinian protesters attempting to breach the Syria-Israeli ceasefire-line in the Golan Heights on Naksa Day, marking the anniversary of the 1967 Six-Day War; Syria claims that close to 20 people were killed and over 325 injured. Israel faced no repercussions for their actions and went on to claim that nobody was killed and that only 12 people were injured.
2011
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  • In October, 2011, Israel agrees to the release of 1,027 Palestinian prisoners in exchange for Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit captured in 2006. The prisoner exchange program is believed to have been a success at the time.

 

  • In a speech addressing foreign relationships with the U.S.A, “We are benefiting from one thing, and that is the attacks on the twin towers and the pentagon and the American struggle in Iraq. These events swung American public opinion in our favor” (Benjamin Netanyahu – 2011)

 

2012
  • In January 2012, The National Union of Israeli Students (NUIS), launched a program to pay Israeli university students $2,000 to spread pro-Israel propaganda online for 5 hours per week from the “comfort of home.” The union was also partnering with Israel’s Jewish Agency to send Israeli students as missionaries to spread pro Israeli rhetoric in other countries, for which they also received a fixed regular sum paid as a salary. This active recruitment of Israeli students was part of Israel’s orchestrated effort to suppress the Palestinian solidarity movement under the guise of combating “delegitimization” of Israel and anti-Semitism.

 

Hasbara Fellowships is the largest and most comprehensive Israel education and activism program for North American university students to Israel

Hasbara Fellowships is the largest and most comprehensive Israel education and activism program for North American university students to Israel

 

  • It was revealed in March, 2012, that the ‘Civil Administration’, a unit of the IDF, had over the years covertly designated 10% of the West Bank for further settlement. As a result Israel is ordered to answer questions and appear before international courts. Israel suspends ties with the U.N. Human Rights Council after the council initiates a “Fact Finding Mission on the Influence of Settlements on Palestinians.”

 

  • In November 2012, we all witnessed The launching of “Operation Pillar of Defense” by the Israeli defense force, which builds on the continuing land, air and water blockade of Gaza. This operation did nothing to further peace and security for the people of Israel or Palestine. Instead, it continued a cycle of asymmetrical violence which will go on to harm, traumatise, and kill both Palestinians and Israelis, though at this time, at least 160 Palestinians have been killed compared to 5 Israelis, without even accounting for injuries on both sides. Israel is again engaged in an action akin to the horrific attacks of Operation Cast Lead in 2009 that included war crimes because it has been able to get away with it, The process of examining claims regarding alleged misconduct in the course of Operation “Pillar of Defense” began immediately after the conclusion of the operation, claims regarding alleged misconduct in the course of IDF operational activities and in particular of claims alleging violations of the Law of Armed Conflict. 
Operations pillar of defense

The Israeli Air Force killed Ahmed Jabari, second-in-command of the military wing of Hamas. Israel strikes 1500 sites in Gaza, including Hamas buildings, government facilities, hospitals, schools, mosques and apartment blocks.

 

  • The hacker collective known as Anonymous has taken responsibility for hacking into websites belonging to the Israel Defense Forces, as part of their #OpIsrael campaign that was launched toward the end of 2012. Anonymous hackers were replacing site content with messages condemning the IDF operation in Gaza. Anonymous claim #OpIsrael to be a success, boasting hundreds of Government (or Zionist) run websites hacked, Israel claim tens of millions of dollars in damages and losses.

 

2013
  • Early 2013, The Israeli prime minister’s office organized groups of Israeli students into “covert” and “semi-military” style units, within Israel’s seven universities that engaged in online debates (Hasbara) on social media platforms such as Facebook. the idea at the time was to get people to tweet and post pro-Israel messages on social media without revealing they were doing it as part of a government propaganda campaign. In collaboration with the National Union of Israeli Students, the students who participated in the project, would be part of the public diplomacy arm of the PMO (prime minister’s office).

 

 

  • March 22, 2013, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu apologizes to Turkey for “operational mistakes” (IDF Murder of humanitarian workers) in the 2010 Israeli commando attack on a Gaza-bound flotilla, the Mavi Marmara, and says that the tragic results were unintentional. Information about normalizing relations and returning ambassadors to their posts was also mentioned, but was later removed from the official statement.

 

2014
  • Operation Protective edge was a military operation launched by Israel on 8 July 2014 in the Gaza Strip. The stated aim of the Israeli operation was to stop rocket fire from Gaza into Israel, however Palestinian activists are calling this “More ethnic cleansing and more land grabs”. Operation Protective Edge has been deemed as a violation of human rights by the united nations at the time. The attack lasted 
Operation Protective Edge - Gaza

The total Palestinian death toll was about 2,205 and the Israeli death toll was about 67.

Gaza airstrikes

Smoke rises from Tuffah neighbourhood after Israeli air strikes in the east of Gaza City, 29 July 2014. Violence escalated overnight, as Israel renewed intense airstrikes on the civilian population of Gaza.

  • During the 50 day attack, Air strikes, artillery shelling, ground invasions, jet flybys and other acts of violence have all led to an epidemic of suffering among Gaza’s most vulnerable inhabitants. The most recent studies indicate that the vast majority of Gaza’s children exhibit symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). People are living in a constant state of fear and doom, to the point that there is an epidemic of mental health and severe trauma related issues that affect every single person, directly or indirectly, living in Gaza. Palestinian, Israeli, and international human rights organisations such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch have documented evidence of widespread violations of the laws of war committed by the Israeli military during “Operation Protective Edge,” including, but not limited to:

1.The reckless and disproportionate use of deadly force in densely populated urban areas. 

2.Attacks on medical facilities and workers and UN schools sheltering displaced civilians. 

3.Attacks on civilians and the targeting of civilian infrastructure and the homes of Palestinian political officials. 

4.The continued theft and exploitation of resources, land and wealth, while preventing clean drinking water, aid or trade from entering Gaza.

Operation Protective Edge

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu (C), Defense Minister, Moshe Boogie Yaalon (R-C), get briefed in the South Front Command on the Operation Protective Edge, on July 9, 2014.

 

  • Israeli attacks caused widespread damage to Gaza’s already frail and dilapidated electrical grid, which was already run down and in disrepair after seven years of siege and blockade. Most notably, on July 29 Israel bombed Gaza’s only power plant, knocking it out of commission indefinitely, prompting Amnesty International to condemn the attack as an act of “collective punishment” against the entire population. (Israel previously bombed the plant during assaults in 2006 and 2008-09.) According to the UN, even following repairs to what remains of the electrical grid, most areas of Gaza continue to endure up to 18 hours of electrical outages a day. Israel’s destruction of Gaza’s power plant caused the shutdown of water treatment plants, while Israeli tank fire put Gaza’s largest sewage treatment plant out of commission. Other Israeli attacks did extensive damage to Gaza’s water and sewage systems, also already in critical condition due to the siege and previous Israeli assaults, leading to the release of raw sewage into open pools, farmland, and the Mediterranean Sea, causing health concerns and affecting fishermen. On August 5, Oxfam warned that Israeli attacks damaging wells, pipelines, and reservoirs had caused the contamination of fresh water supplies, already heavily contaminated before the assault, and that 15,000 tons of solid waste had leaked into the streets of Gaza.

 

Palestine-land-loss

  • The war in Gaza ended on July the 8th, after Israel and the Palestinians agreed to halt fighting indefinitely, putting an end to seven weeks of catastrophic loss of life and destruction. Ceasefires are put into place and international pressure is encouraging more peace talks during this time.

 

Ceasefire 2014

Ceasefire in effect – Hamas says Egyptian-brokered truce represents “a victory for the resistance”; officials say Israeli cabinet members not asked to vote on cease-fire.

  • From the time of the ceasefire (July 8th) through to August the 1st in 2014, more than 1,400 Palestinians have been killed in the ongoing hostilities. According to the UN, the majority of those killed have been Palestinian civilians, including at least 252 children. Three civilians in Israel have been killed by indiscriminate rockets or mortars fired from Gaza, and 61 Israeli soldiers have also been killed. There is mounting evidence that war crimes have been committed by all parties. Since the ceasefire, Palestinian negotiator Saeb Erekat claims that economic pressure from Israel amounts to ‘collective punishment’ for Palestinians – many of whom live in poverty. A committment to get the matter looked into by international courts is resisted by Israel at this time. Israel has halted transfers of the tax revenue it collects on behalf of the Palestinians in retaliation for their move to join the international criminal court in the Hague, according to Israeli media.

 

“Ongoing injustice for victims of war crimes and crimes against humanity is a shame that hangs heavy on the world. Once again the international community has done little more than wring its hands over the latest hostilities,” said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International’s Secretary General.

  • In August 2014, The World Zionist Organization announce that there is a 383% increase in ‘Anti-Semitism’, compared to years before”. In October of this same year, the Israeli government announces that it will Allocate $35m to World Zionist Organization’s Settlement Division. The World Zionist Organization’s settlement division won’t say how money would be divided, but most will go to conflict zones among West Bank settlements, Negev and Galilee towns.
The West Bank settlemen

The West Bank settlement of Efrat is seen on September 1, 2014. (Source Haaretz)

December, 2014, the UN Security Council rejected a Palestinian resolution calling for Israel to withdraw from Palestinian territories by late 2017. The United States is one of the five veto-wielding permanent members. There were eight votes in support, two votes against and five abstentions, Australia also joined the US in voting against the measure.

2015 - Present

2015
  • January, 2015, Israeli Prime minister reveals that “so long as he is in office, there will not be a Palestinian state, in an interview to an Israeli News Site (NRG). With elections coming up, he also revealed that it would require strong leadership under his Likuid party to beat back international pressure to return Israel to its pre-1967 borders.

 

  • March, 2015, Israeli Elections take place, Herzog concedes to Netanyahu after Likud takes most seats. Netanyahu and his tough talk on Palestine gets him reelected as Prime Minister of Israel.
Israeli Prime Minister and head of the Likud party Benjamin Netanyahu casts his vote, together with his wife Sara Netanyahu, as Likud opened the polls for its primary elections. Photo by Miriam Alster.

Israeli Prime Minister and head of the Likud party Benjamin Netanyahu casts his vote, together with his wife Sara Netanyahu, as Likud opened the polls for its primary elections. Photo by Miriam Alster.

 

  • The world Zionist Organization held elections in April, 2015 for US delegates to its global assembly. At stake was leadership of an organization that helps manage agencies in Israel with budgets in the hundreds of millions of dollars. Hard talks take place with American Zionists discussing more settlements in Palestinian territory.

 

  • October 2015, The IDF launches air and ground attacks against Palestinian infrastructure which Israeli officials claim were Hamas strongholds. 11 Palestinian civilians were murdered, with hundreds of injuries being reported by the Palestinian Health Minister. retaliations of rocket firing to and from Palestine follows the IDF attacks.
IDF Terrorism

Israel Hits supposed Hamas Targets in Gaza

 

  • Late 2015, Israeli security forces shot to death a Palestinian boy during a demonstration near the West Bank town of Bethlehem. Security forces opened fire at the demonstration, striking 13-year-old Abd al-Rahman Shadi Mustafa Abdallah in the chest with a live bullet, the Palestinian Ministry of Health said. A statement from the Aida Refugee camp where Abdallah lived said he was returning home from school when he was shot, still wearing his school backpack.

 

2016
  • Early 2016, U.S President Obama pledges to leave the white house with a two state solution plan, in hopes of future elects taking up his proposition for what he describes as “Peace in the region”. During an MSNBC town hall meeting in South Carolina on Feb. 17, the Republican front-runner Donald Trump described a peace agreement between Israel and the Palestinians as “probably the toughest deal in the world right now to make” and promised that he would “give it one hell of a shot.”

 

  • At the end of April Israeli soldiers shot and killed a pregnant Palestinian woman, who was on her way to a hospital check-up, with Israeli approval. Her brother was also killed in the incident, when the pair accidentally crossed into a vehicle only lane at the checkpoint north of Jerusalem. Witnesses say when they were told to move out of the lane, they complied instantly, only to have Israeli guards open fire. The woman was shot 15 times and her brother 8. Man, woman and baby all died.
One of the many West Bank checkpoints

One of the many West Bank checkpoints (2016).

  •  October, The Israeli prime minister, Binyamin Netanyahu tells World Zionist Congress that Hitler only wanted to expel the Jews, but Jerusalem’s Grand Mufti convinced him to exterminate them and that it was he who came up with the ‘final solution’. Most holocaust scholars do not support this claim. Norman Finkelstein and Mouin Rabbani claim that Netanyahu wants to attribute the holocaust to the Palestinian people, to further justify the war crimes they are committing and have been for the last half century.

 

  • October the 7th, 2016: Undercover Israeli forces infiltrated a group of Palestinians protesters this afternoon near a checkpoint outside of Ramallah in the West Bank and opened fire on the demonstrators, wounding one. Meanwhile unformed Israeli soldiers wounded two more protesters with live rounds, critically injuring one by firing a shot into the back of the protester’s head.

 

  • 10th December, 2016: the Zionist conservative Theresa May, British PM, made the time out of her Brexit schedule to attend a ‘Conservative Friends of Israel’ (CFI) meeting, where she made a grand speech about anti-semitism. Theresa May also announced that the UK is formally adopting a definition of anti-Semitism within laws, agreed on earlier this year by the International Holocaust Remembrance Alliance (IHRA). The policy looks to infringe on free speech, the very criticism of Israeli policies and all of this will be fast tracked in order to avoid being scrutinized.

“It is unacceptable that there is anti-semitism in this country. It is even worse that incidents are reportedly on the rise. As a government, we are making a real difference and adopting this measure is a ground-breaking step,” May said.