What is Political Zionism?
Political Zionism is said to be a Jewish Nationalist movement, Many within the international community believed it was essential after world war 2, with regards to what could be done with all of the displaced Jews of world war two. Political Zionism is most commonly believed to have started officially in 1896 by Theodor Herzl, whose goal (As a cultural Jew, not a religious one) was the return of Jews to the Land of Israel, where Palestine was at the time. The vast majority of Zionists believe that there is a religious and historic bond between the land of Palestine and the Jewish decedents of the Israelite’s.
The fundamental purpose of Zionism, has always been to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine and beyond this region. The ideology of Zionism can actually be seen as far back in history as 200 CE, within Rabbinic Judaism’s Oral law, commonly refereed to as the The Talmud. However, Zionism as a political movement has actually been active since the 1860s, its followers are made up of Jewish and non Jewish people who peruse Jewish colonialism. The problem that many people have with this however, is that almost all Jewish people, are not semitic people. whereas the Palestinians people who are Semitic, are actually native to the land. Almost all of the Jews living in Israel, are European and Ashkenazi, so the Jewish geographical and historical claims to the land are a very controversial topic in the international community.
Nowadays, many things can be attributed toward the inception of a Jewish state in Palestine, but none more perhaps than the influential drive behind Zionism. Israel is perhaps one of the most nationalist and ethnocentric nations on earth and yet it receives the most financial aid of any country in the world.The success of Zionism has meant that the percentage of the world’s Jewish population who live in Israel has steadily grown over the years and today 40% of the world’s Jews live in Israel. There are currently 6.1 million Jews living in modern day Israel (around 75% of the population). Israel also have one of the most advanced armies in the world, boasting some of the most sophisticated technological advancements in air and ground combat.
Origins of Criticism
Zionism has always been considered controversial, some of its bigger critics have been Jews themselves, who claim Zionism is against Judaism. Its important to make note of the fact that Zionism and Judaism are totally different things and you don’t need to be a Jew to be a Zionist (or visa versa). The reason for this is that historically, Zionism has been a movement dominated by secularist Jews and cultural Jews. Herzl and most of his colleagues were cultural Jews, who did not believe in or practice the Torah. Some Zionists were vehemently anti-religious, and saw the Torah and Mitzvos as outdated rituals with no place in their modern state. Arguably the biggest criticisms Zionism and the state of Israel have received can be related to its colonial efforts and military occupations over its neighboring countries.
Israel have one of the most advanced armies in the world, who very much lead the way in sophisticated technologies and air to ground combat. The Palestinian people however – 53% of which are under the age of 18 – do not have an army, an air force, or a navy. in fact, Israels disproportionate attacks on Palestine have gotten them ridiculed as being war criminals many time in the united nations security council. In fact, back on November 10,1975, the United Nations cast a vote, of 72 in favor and 35 against, which actually determined Zionism, to be a form of racism. Although this was revoked in years to come, Zionism has always been scrutinized against and millions of people around the world today, now consider Zionism to be a form of terrorism. In fact,much of the destabilization of the middle east, seems to be very much Zionist inspired.